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Child mortality risk and fertility: Evidence from prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Listed author(s):
  • Wilson, Nicholas

A fundamental question in development and growth is whether and how fast fertility responds to reductions in child mortality risk. I use the expansion of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Zambia to provide some of the first quasi-experimental evidence on this question. My results suggest that the local introduction of PMTCT reduced pregnancy rates by approximately 10%, particularly among likely HIV positive women and women in locations where PMTCT was available for a longer duration, and that PMTCT substantially increased breastfeeding rates.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 116 (2015)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 74-88

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Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:116:y:2015:i:c:p:74-88
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.01.007
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/devec

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