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AIDS, “reversal” of the demographic transition and economic development: evidence from Africa

  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

    ()

Using country- and region-level data, I investigate the effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility in Africa during 1985-2000. Results differ depending on the variation used and the estimation method. Between estimates that exploit cross-sectional variation suggest a positive significant effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility, whereas within estimates that are identified of off time-series variation show both positive and negative results depending on the HIV/AIDS variable used. These within estimates are insignificant in most of the specifications.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00148-011-0368-6
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Article provided by Springer & European Society for Population Economics in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 25 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 871-897

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:25:y:2012:i:3:p:871-897
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-011-0368-6
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