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HIV/AIDS and Fertility

  • Jane G. Fortson
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    This paper studies the response of fertility to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. I use repeated cross sections of the Demographic and Health Surveys for 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine this question empirically. Using individual birth histories from these data, I construct estimates of the regional total fertility rate over time. In a difference-in-differences approach, I compare regional HIV prevalence to changes in total fertility rates from the 1980s to the present. My results suggest that HIV/AIDS had very little impact on fertility, both overall and in a sample of HIV-negative women. (JEL I12, J13, O12)

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    File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/app.1.3.170
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    File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/aej/app/data/2008-0199_data.zip
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    Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 170-94

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    Handle: RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:1:y:2009:i:3:p:170-94
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.1.3.170
    Contact details of provider: Web page: https://www.aeaweb.org/aej-applied
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    1. Juhn, Chinhui & Kalemli-Ozcan, Sebnem & Turan, Belgi, 2009. "HIV and Fertility in Africa: First Evidence from Population Based Surveys," IZA Discussion Papers 4473, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Hoyt Bleakley & Fabian Lange, 2009. "Chronic Disease Burden and the Interaction of Education, Fertility, and Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(1), pages 52-65, February.
    3. Alwyn Young, 2007. "In sorrow to bring forth children: fertility amidst the plague of HIV," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 283-327, December.
    4. Marianne Bertrand & Esther Duflo & Sendhil Mullainathan, 2004. "How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(1), pages 249-275, February.
    5. Jane Fortson, 2008. "The gradient in sub-saharan Africa: Socioeconomic status and HIV/AIDS," Demography, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 303-322, May.
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