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Does HIV increase the risk of spousal violence in sub-Saharan Africa?

  • Chin, Yoo-Mi
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    Although a positive association is found between HIV prevalence and intimate partner violence, a causal interpretation is hard to establish due to the endogeneity of HIV prevalence. Using the distance from the origin of the virus as an instrument, I find that an exogenous increase in HIV prevalence in a cluster has a sizable positive effect on the risk of physical and sexual violence against women within marriage. The results of this study confirm a gender-specific negative externality of the disease and encourage policy efforts to incorporate services for violence against women into existing HIV programs.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.

    Volume (Year): 32 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 997-1006

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:32:y:2013:i:5:p:997-1006
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.07.005
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