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Civil conflict, domestic violence and intra-household bargaining in post-genocide Rwanda

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  • La Mattina, Giulia

Abstract

This paper examines the long-term impact of civil conflict on domestic violence and intra-household bargaining using data from Rwanda. Women who married after the 1994 genocide experienced significantly increased domestic violence and reduced decision-making power relative to women who married before, with a greater effect for women in localities with high genocide intensity. Additionally, exposure to genocide reduced the household education expenditure in families of women who were of marriageable age after the genocide relative to families of older women. Part of the effect of the genocide on domestic violence was driven by changes in the marriage market sex ratios across localities and over time, which were mainly induced by the conflict. Through changes in intra-household bargaining, civil conflicts may impair the well-being of women and children in the long-term.

Suggested Citation

  • La Mattina, Giulia, 2017. "Civil conflict, domestic violence and intra-household bargaining in post-genocide Rwanda," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 168-198.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:124:y:2017:i:c:p:168-198
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2016.08.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Hamid Reza Oskorouchi, 2019. "Learning to Fight: Afghan Child Health and In‐utero Exposure to Conflict," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 45(2), pages 275-300, June.
    2. Eleonora Guarnieri & Helmut Rainer, 2018. "Female Empowerment and Male Backlash," CESifo Working Paper Series 7009, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Ramos-Toro, Diego, 2018. "Historical Conflict and Gender Disparities," MPRA Paper 85045, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Popova, Olga & Otrachshenko, Vladimir & Tavares, José, 2019. "Extreme Temperature and Extreme Violence across Age and Gender: Evidence from Russia," GLO Discussion Paper Series 382, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    5. Olivier Bargain & Delphine Boutin & Hugues Champeaux, 2018. "Women's political participation and intrahousehold empowerment: Evidence from the Egyptian Arab Spring," Working Papers halshs-01804380, HAL.
    6. Didier Wayoro & Leonce Ndikumana, 2019. "Impact of Development aid on infant mortality : Micro-level evidence from Cote d’Ivoire," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2019-07, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    7. Kati Kraehnert & Tilman Brück & Michele Di Maio & Roberto Nisticò, 2019. "The Effects of Conflict on Fertility: Evidence From the Genocide in Rwanda," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 56(3), pages 935-968, June.
    8. Selim Gulesci, 2017. "Forced migration and attitudes towards domestic violence: Evidence from Turkey," WIDER Working Paper Series 110, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. repec:kap:reveho:v:17:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11150-018-9418-0 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    O12; J12; Domestic violence; Intra-household bargaining; Gender; Women's decision-making power; Civil conflict; Rwanda; Sub-Saharan Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

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