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The Lasting Effect of Sex Ratio Imbalance on Marriage and Family: Evidence from World War II in Russia

Listed author(s):
  • Brainerd, Elizabeth

    ()

    (Brandeis University)

How does a shock to sex ratios affect marriage markets and fertility? I use the drastic change in sex ratios caused by World War II to identify the effects of unbalanced sex ratios on Russian women. Using unique data from the Soviet archives, the results indicate that male scarcity led to lower rates of marriage and fertility, higher nonmarital births and reduced bargaining power within marriage for women most affected by war deaths. The impact of sex ratio imbalance on marriage and family persisted for years after the war's end, and was likely magnified by policies that promoted nonmarital births and discouraged divorce.

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File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp10130.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 10130.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2016
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10130
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  3. Ofer, Gur & Vinokur, Aaron, 1985. "Work and Family Roles of Soviet Women: Historical Trends and Cross-Section Analysis," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages 328-354, January.
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  19. Lena Edlund & Hongbin Li & Junjian Yi & Junsen Zhang, 2013. "Sex Ratios and Crime: Evidence from China," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 95(5), pages 1520-1534, December.
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