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Brides for Sale: Cross-Border Marriages and Female Immigration

Author

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  • Kawaguchi, Daiji

    (University of Tokyo)

  • Lee, Soohyung

    (Seoul National University)

Abstract

Every year, a large number of women immigrate as brides from developing countries to developed countries in East Asia. This phenomenon virtually did not exist in the early 1990s, but foreign brides currently comprise 4 to 35 percent of newlyweds in these developed Asian countries. This paper argues that two factors account for this rapid increase in "bride importation": the rapid growth of women's educational attainment and a cultural norm that leads to a low net surplus of marriage for educated women. We provide empirical evidence supporting our theoretical model and its implications, using datasets from Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan.

Suggested Citation

  • Kawaguchi, Daiji & Lee, Soohyung, 2012. "Brides for Sale: Cross-Border Marriages and Female Immigration," IZA Discussion Papers 6458, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6458
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    Cited by:

    1. Marianne Bertrand & Patricia Cortés & Claudia Olivetti & Jessica Pan, 2016. "Social Norms, Labor Market Opportunities, and the Marriage Gap for Skilled Women," NBER Working Papers 22015, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Francisca M. ANTMAN & Priti KALSI & Soohyung LEE, 2021. "Gender Norm Conflict and Marital Outcomes," JODE - Journal of Demographic Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 87(4), pages 537-560, December.
    3. So Yoon Ahn, 2021. "Matching across Markets: An Economic Analysis of Cross-Border Marriage," Working Papers 2021-047, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    4. Shu-Chu Yang & Ching-Min Chang, 2017. "Transnational Marriage In Taiwan: Challenges Faced And Adaptation Strategies Adopted In Experiencing A Different Culture," International Journal of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Dr. Mohammad Hamad Al-khresheh, vol. 3(4), pages 142-147.
    5. Francisca M. ANTMAN & Priti KALSI & Soohyung LEE, 2021. "Gender Norm Conflict and Marital Outcomes," JODE - Journal of Demographic Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 87(4), pages 537-560, December.
    6. Scott Fulford, 2012. "The Puzzle of Marriage Migration in India," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 820, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 22 Oct 2013.
    7. Redpath, Connor, 2022. "Spousal Visa Policy and Mixed-Citizenship Couples: Evidence from the End of the Defense Of Marriage Act," SocArXiv mzuwe, Center for Open Science.
    8. Jisoo Hwang, 2016. "Housewife, “gold miss,” and equal: the evolution of educated women’s role in Asia and the U.S," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 29(2), pages 529-570, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigration; marriage; sex ratio imbalance; international marriages; cross-border marriages; assortative matching;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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