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It's Raining Men! Hallelujah?

Listed author(s):
  • Pauline Grosjean

    ()

    (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)

  • Rose Khattar

    (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)

We document the implications of missing women in the short and long run. We exploit a natural historical experiment, which sent large numbers of male convicts and far fewer female convicts to Australia in the 18th and 19th century. In areas with higher gender imbalance, women historically married more, worked less, and were less likely to occupy high-rank occupations. Today, people living in those areas have more conservative attitudes towards women working and women are still less likely to have high-ranking occupations. We document the role of vertical cultural transmission and of homogamy in the marriage market in sustaining cultural persistence. Conservative gender norms may have been beneficial historically, but are no longer necessarily so. Historical gender imbalance is associated with an aggregate income loss estimated at $800 per year, per person. Our results are robust to a wide array of geographic, historical and present-day controls, including migration and state fixed effects, and to instrumenting the overall sex ratio by the sex ratio among convicts.

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File URL: http://research.economics.unsw.edu.au/RePEc/papers/2014-29.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, The University of New South Wales in its series Discussion Papers with number 2014-29.

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Length: 62 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Handle: RePEc:swe:wpaper:2014-29
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