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Armed conflicts, 1946–2013

Author

Listed:
  • Lotta Themnér
  • Peter Wallensteen

    () (Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala University
    Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala University)

Abstract

In 2013, the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) recorded 33 armed conflicts with a minimum of 25 battle-related deaths, up by one from 2012. Seven of these were recorded as wars, that is conflicts leading to 1,000 or more battle-related deaths in a calendar year. There have been 144 armed conflicts (47 wars) since 1989 and 254 armed conflicts (114 wars) since 1946. For the past ten years the amount of active armed conflict has fluctuated between 31 and 37. Six peace agreements were signed during the year 2013, two more than in the previous year. For the first time, this article also provides data on trends in battle-related deaths since 1989. These data do not show a clear time-trend. However, there is a particular difficulty in mapping the conflict in Syria, for which no credible battle-related deaths in 2013 can yet be reported.

Suggested Citation

  • Lotta Themnér & Peter Wallensteen, 2014. "Armed conflicts, 1946–2013," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 51(4), pages 541-554, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:joupea:v:51:y:2014:i:4:p:541-554
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    Cited by:

    1. Cemal Eren Arbatli & Quamrul Ashraf & Oded Galor, 2013. "The Nature of Civil Conflict," Working Papers 2013-15, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:eee:poleco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:47-70 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bousmah, Marwân-al-Qays & Ventelou, Bruno & Abu-Zaineh, Mohammad, 2016. "Medicine and democracy: The importance of institutional quality in the relationship between health expenditure and health outcomes in the MENA region," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 120(8), pages 928-935.
    4. Kotera, Go & Okada, Keisuke, 2015. "How Does Democratization Affect the Composition of Government Expenditure?," MPRA Paper 67085, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Paul Bezerra & Alex Braithwaite, 2016. "Locating foreign aid commitments in response to political violence," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 169(3), pages 333-355, December.
    6. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Witthuhn, Stefan, 2017. "Corruption and political stability: Does the youth bulge matter?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 47-70.
    7. Tony Addison & Ville Pikkarainen & Risto Rönkkö & Finn Tarp, 2017. "Development and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 169, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    8. repec:gok:ijdcv1:v:7:y:2017:i:1:p:32-48 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sarah Sunn Bush, 2016. "When and why is civil society support “made-in-America”? Delegation to non-state actors in American democracy promotion," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 361-385, September.
    10. repec:eee:jeborg:v:137:y:2017:i:c:p:145-159 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. La Mattina, Giulia, 2017. "Civil conflict, domestic violence and intra-household bargaining in post-genocide Rwanda," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 168-198.
    12. Polivin Oleg, 2015. "How Free Media Protects Energy Infrastructure?," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 21(4), pages 523-540, December.

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