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Diversity and Conflict

Author

Listed:
  • Cemal Eren Arbatli

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow)

  • Quamrul H. Ashraf

    (Department of Economics, Williams College, Williamstown)

  • Oded Galor

    (Department of Economics, Brown University, Providence)

  • Marc Klemp

    (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

This research advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that interpersonal population diversity has contributed significantly to the emergence, prevalence, recurrence, and severity of intrasocietal confl icts. Exploiting an exogenous source of variations in population diversity across nations and ethnic groups, it demonstrates that population diversity, as determined predominantly during the exodus of humans from Africa tens of thousands of years ago, has contributed significantly to the risk and intensity of historical and contemporary internal confl icts, accounting for the confounding effects of geographical, institutional, and cultural characteristics, as well as for the level of economic development. These findings arguably reflect the adverse effect of population diversity on interpersonal trust, its contribution to divergence in preferences for public goods and redistributive policies, and its impact on the degree of fractionalization and polarization across ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Cemal Eren Arbatli & Quamrul H. Ashraf & Oded Galor & Marc Klemp, 2018. "Diversity and Conflict," Discussion Papers 18-01, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:1801
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social conflict; population diversity; ethnic fractionalization; ethnic polarization; interpersonal trust; political preferences;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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