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Fighting over Oil: Introducing a New Dataset

Author

Listed:
  • Päivi Lujala

    (Department of Economics Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim, Norway, Centre for the Study of Civil War International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) Oslo, Norway, paivi.lujala@svt.ntnu.no)

  • Jan Ketil Rod

    (Department of Geography Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim, Norway, Centre for the Study of Civil War International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) Oslo, Norway)

  • Nadja Thieme

    (Institute for Cartography Dresden University of Technology Dresden, Germany)

Abstract

Recent research on armed civil conflict has suggested that oil-producing countries tend to experience conflict more often than their non-oil-producing counterparts. However, this research relies on weak and incomplete measures of petroleum resources. To facilitate more rigorous research on the possible links between hydrocarbons and conflict, this paper presents and describes a new global dataset, PETRODATA. The dataset includes 890 onshore and 383 offshore locations with geographic coordinates and information on the first oil or gas discovery and production year. PETRODATA allows researchers to control for both the spatial and temporal overlap of regions with hydrocarbon reserves and armed conflict. To illustrate the use of data, we conduct a duration analysis on the types of armed civil conflict. The results suggest that oil and gas located in conflict area lengthen governmental conflicts but have no effect on conflicts over territory.

Suggested Citation

  • Päivi Lujala & Jan Ketil Rod & Nadja Thieme, 2007. "Fighting over Oil: Introducing a New Dataset," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 24(3), pages 239-256, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:compsc:v:24:y:2007:i:3:p:239-256
    DOI: 10.1080/07388940701468526
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Macartan Humphreys, 2005. "Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 49(4), pages 508-537, August.
    2. James D. Fearon, 2005. "Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 49(4), pages 483-507, August.
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