Gender Bias in Education: the Role of Inter-household Externality, Dowry and other Social Institutions
We analyze gender bias in school enrollment by developing a two-period model where women become part of extended families of their in-laws. Each family decides how many sons and daughters are sent to school and thus become skilled. Gender bias occurs due to failure of the families to internalize inter-household externalities. "Groom-specific" dowry worsens the situation. Under "bride-specific" dowry, bias exists if and only if the skill premium in the labor market is bigger than that in the marriage market. A specific discriminatory "food-for-education" policy is shown to reduce bias, but increase total enrollment. Copyright © 2007 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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Volume (Year): 11 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
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