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Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital

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  • DELOGU Marco
  • DOCQUIER Frédéric
  • MACHADO Joël

Abstract

We develop a dynamic model of the world economy that jointly endogenizes individual decisions about fertility, education and migration. We then use it to compare the shortand long-term effects of immigration restrictions on the world distribution of income. Our calibration strategy replicates the economic and demographic characteristics of the world, and allows us to proxy bilateral migration costs and visa costs for two classes of workers and for each pair of countries. In our benchmark simulations, the world average level of income per worker increases by 12% in the short term and by approximately 52% after one century. These results are highly robust to our identifying strategy and technological assumptions. Sizable differences are obtained when our baseline (pre-liberalization) trajectory involves a rapid income convergence between countries or when we adjust visa costs for a possible upward bias. Our quantitative analysis reveals that the effects of liberalizing migration on human capital accumulation and income are gradual and cumulative. Whatever is the size of the short-term gain, the long-run impact is 4 to 5 times greater (except under a rapid convergence in income).

Suggested Citation

  • DELOGU Marco & DOCQUIER Frédéric & MACHADO Joël, 2017. "Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital," LISER Working Paper Series 2017-16, LISER.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:cepswp:2017-16
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    Cited by:

    1. Michal burzynski & Christoph Deuster & Frédéric Docquier, 2018. "The Geography of Talent: Development Implications and Long-Run Prospects," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2018002, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    2. BIAVASCHI Costanza & BURZYNSKI Michal & ELSNER Benjamin & MACHADO Joël, 2018. "Taking the Skill Bias out of Global Migration," LISER Working Paper Series 2018-11, LISER.
    3. Costanza Biavaschi & Michal Burzynski & Benjamin Elsner & Joël Machado, 2016. "The Gain from the Drain - Skill-biased Migration and Global Welfare," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1624, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    4. repec:oup:jecgeo:v:18:y:2018:i:4:p:705-728. is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:italej:v:3:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s40797-017-0054-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Slobodan Djajić & Frédéric Docquier & Michael Michael, 2018. "Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital - Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain," Post-Print hal-01743814, HAL.
    7. Simone Bertoli & Ilse Ruyssen, 2018. "Networks and migrants’ intended destination," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(4), pages 705-728.
    8. Burzynski, Michal & Deuster, Christoph & Docquier, Frédéric, 2018. "Geography of Skills and Global Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 11804, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Djajic, Slobodan & Docquier, Frédéric & Michael, Michael S., 2018. "Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain," IZA Discussion Papers 11806, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Leonid V. Azarnert, 2017. "Migration, Congestion and Growth," CESifo Working Paper Series 6508, CESifo Group Munich.

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    Keywords

    Migration; Migration policy; Liberalization; Growth; Human Capital; Fertility; Inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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