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The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries

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  • Aubry, Amandine
  • Burzyński, Michał
  • Docquier, Frédéric

Abstract

This paper quantifies the effect of global migration on the welfare of non-migrant OECD citizens. We develop an integrated, multi-country model that accounts for the interactions between the labor market, fiscal, and market size effects of migration, as well as for trade relations between countries. The model is calibrated to match the economic and demographic characteristics of the 34 OECD countries and the rest of the world, as well as trade flows between them in the year 2010. We show that recent migration flows have been beneficial for 69% of the non-migrant OECD population, and for 83% of non-migrant citizens of the 22 richest OECD countries. Winners are mainly residing in traditional immigration countries; their gains are substantial and are essentially due to the entry of immigrants from non-OECD countries. Although labor market and fiscal effects are non-negligible in some countries, the greatest source of gain comes from the market size effect, i.e. the change in the variety of goods available to consumers.

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  • Aubry, Amandine & Burzyński, Michał & Docquier, Frédéric, 2016. "The welfare impact of global migration in OECD countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 1-21.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:101:y:2016:i:c:p:1-21
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2016.03.005
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    6. Costanza Biavaschi & Michal Burzynski & Benjamin Elsner & Joël Machado, 2016. "The Gain from the Drain - Skill-biased Migration and Global Welfare," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1624, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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    10. Dramane Coulibaly & Blaise Gnimassoun & Valérie Mignon, 2018. "The tale of two international phenomena: International migration and global imbalances," Working Papers 2018-02, CEPII research center.
    11. Michał Burzyński & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2018. "The Changing Structure of Immigration to the OECD: What Welfare Effects on Member Countries?," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 66(3), pages 564-601, September.
    12. Noja Gratiela Georgiana & Moroc Andrei, 2016. "Labour Mobility Within the Eu: Major Effects and Implications for the Main Sending and Receiving Economies," European Journal of Economics and Business Studies Articles, European Center for Science Education and Research, vol. 2, May-Augus.
    13. Coulibaly, Dramane & Gnimassoun, Blaise & Mignon, Valérie, 2020. "The tale of two international phenomena: Migration and global imbalances," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    14. Ikhenaode, Bright Isaac, 2018. "Immigration, Skill Acquisition and Fiscal Redistribution in a Search-Equilibrium Model," MPRA Paper 89897, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Demircioglu, Mehmet Akif & Vivona, Roberto, 2021. "Depoliticizing the European immigration debate: How to employ public sector innovation to integrate migrants," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(2).
    16. E. L. Motrich & D. A. Izotov, 2018. "Modern Trends and Problems of Migration in a Russian Border Region: The Far East," Studies on Russian Economic Development, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 245-251, May.
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    19. Blaise Gnimassoun & John Anyanwu, 2019. "Working Paper 308 - The Diaspora and Economic Development in Africa," Working Paper Series 2434, African Development Bank.
    20. Cardoso, Miguel, 2020. "The welfare impact of migration with endogenous cross-border movement: An application to the European Union," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 205-216.
    21. Mawussé K. N. Okey, 2017. "Does migration promote industrial development in Africa?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(1), pages 228-247.
    22. Liu, Hao, 2019. "The communication and European Regional economic growth: The interactive fixed effects approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 299-311.
    23. IGARASHI Akira & ONO Yoshikuni, 2020. "The Effects of Negative and Positive Information on Attitudes toward Immigration," Discussion papers 20023, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    24. Marco Baudino, 2017. "The issue of immigrants in Italy: a rational model of immigration management by Italian municipalities," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 7(1), pages 1-17, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Market size; Labor market; Fiscal impact; General equilibrium; Welfare;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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