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The dynamic implications of liberalizing global migration

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric DOCQUIER

    ()

    (Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Marco DELOGU

    (FERDI)

  • Joël MACHADO

    (FERDI)

This paper quantitatively investigates the short- and long-run effects of liberalizing global migration on the world distribution of income. We develop and parametrize a dynamic model of the world economy with endogenous migration, fertility and education decisions. We identify bilateral migration costs and their legal component for each pair of countries and two classes of worker. Our analysis reveals that the effects of a liberalization on human capital accumulation, income and inequality are gradual and cumulative. In case of a complete liberalization, the world average level of GDP per worker increases by 20 percent in the short-run, and by more than 55 percent after 50 years. The world average index of inequality decreases and the liberalization path has stochastic dominance over the Baseline-As-Usual. These results are very robust to our identifying assumptions. We also analyze partial liberalization shocks : efficiency and inequality effects are roughly proportional to the «liberalization rate».

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File URL: http://www.ferdi.fr/sites/www.ferdi.fr/files/publication/fichiers/wp88_docquier_dynamic_implications_of_liberalizing_global_migration_web.pdf
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Paper provided by FERDI in its series Working Papers with number P88.

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Date of creation: Feb 2014
Handle: RePEc:fdi:wpaper:1347
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Web page: http://ferdi.fr/

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  5. Frederic Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Globalization, brain drain and development," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1108, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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  8. Frédéric Docquier & Joël Machado & Khalid Sekkat, 2015. "Efficiency Gains from Liberalizing Labor Mobility," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(2), pages 303-346, 04.
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  10. Susana Iranzo & Giovanni Peri, 2009. "Migration and Trade: Theory with an Application to the Eastern-Western European Integration," Working Papers 97, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  11. de la CROIX, David & DOEPKE, Matthias, 2002. "Public versus private education when differential fertility matters," CORE Discussion Papers 2002022, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  12. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1997. "A Brain Gain with a Brain Drain," Economics Series 45, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  13. DE LA CROIX, David & GOSSERIES, Axel, 2006. "Population policy through tradable procreation entitlements," CORE Discussion Papers 2006081, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  14. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
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  17. Barry R. Chiswick & Paul W. Miller, 2012. "Negative and Positive Assimilation, Skill Transferability, and Linguistic Distance," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 35-55.
  18. Frédéric DOCQUIER & Tobias MÃœLLER & Joaquín NAVAL, 2013. "Informality and long-run growth," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  19. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Mastruzzi, Massimo, 2009. "Governance matters VIII : aggregate and individual governance indicators 1996-2008," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4978, The World Bank.
  20. Frédéric Docquier & B. Lindsay Lowell & Abdeslam Marfouk, 2009. "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 35(2), pages 297-321.
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  22. Albert Bollard & David McKenzie & Melanie Morten & Hillel Rapoport, 2009. "Remittances and the Brain Drain Revisited: The Microdata Show That More Educated Migrants Remit More," Working Papers 2009-26, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
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  27. repec:cor:louvrp:-1676 is not listed on IDEAS
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