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Social networks and the intention to migrate

Author

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  • Miriam Manchin

    () (University College London)

  • Sultan Orazbayev

    () (University College London)

Abstract

Using a large survey spanning several years and more than 150 countries, we examine the importance of social networks in influencing individuals’ intention to migrate domestically or internationally. We distinguish close social networks (composed of friends and family) and broad social networks (composed of same-country residents with intention to migrate), both at home and abroad. We find that social networks abroad are important driving forces of migration intentions, more important than work-related aspects or income. In addition, we find that close social networks abroad with remittances matter significantly more than those without remittances as the individuals become more educated, indicating that networks might work through different channels for individuals with different level of education. On other hand, we find that having stronger close social networks at home reduces the likelihood of migration intentions.

Suggested Citation

  • Miriam Manchin & Sultan Orazbayev, 2016. "Social networks and the intention to migrate," Development Working Papers 409, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 01 Dec 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:409
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Delogu & Frédéric Docquier & Joël Machado, 2018. "Globalizing labor and the world economy: the role of human capital," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 223-258, June.
    2. Ruyssen, Ilse & Salomone, Sara, 2018. "Female migration: A way out of discrimination?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 224-241.
    3. Di Maio,Michele & Leone Sciabolazza,Valerio & Molini,Vasco, 2020. "Migration in Libya : A Spatial Network Analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9110, The World Bank.
    4. Nilanjana Roy & Amy Verdun, 2019. "Bangladeshi Migrants of Italy and Their Precarity," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-15, April.
    5. Simone Bertoli & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport & Ilse Ruyssen, 2019. "Weather shocks and migration intentions in Western Africa: Insights from a multilevel analysis," Post-Print hal-02315013, HAL.
    6. Jinzhao Song & Qing Feng & Xiaoping Wang & Hanliang Fu & Wei Jiang & Baiyu Chen, 2018. "Spatial Association and Effect Evaluation of CO 2 Emission in the Chengdu-Chongqing Urban Agglomeration: Quantitative Evidence from Social Network Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(1), pages 1-19, December.
    7. Didier Fouarge & Merve Nezihe Özer & Philipp Seegers, 2019. "Personality traits, migration intentions, and cultural distance," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(6), pages 2425-2454, December.
    8. Z. Eylem Gevrek & Pinar Kunt & Heinrich Ursprung, 2019. "Education, Political Discontent, and Emigration Intentions: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey," CESifo Working Paper Series 7710, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Friebel, Guido & Manchin, Miriam & Mendola, Mariapia & Prarolo, Giovanni, 2018. "International Migration Intentions and Illegal Costs: Evidence Using Africa-to-Europe Smuggling Routes," CEPR Discussion Papers 13326, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Friebel, Guido & Manchin, Miriam & Mendola, Mariapia & Prarolo, Giovanni, 2018. "International Migration Intentions and Illegal Costs: Evidence from Africa-to-Europe Smuggling Routes," IZA Discussion Papers 11978, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Michel Beine & Joël Machado & Ilse Ruyssen, 2019. "Do potential migrants internalise migrant rights in OECD host societies?," CREA Discussion Paper Series 19-07, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    12. Anna Katharina Raggl, 2019. "Migration intentions in CESEE: sociodemographic profiles of prospective emigrants and their motives for moving," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q1/19, pages 49-67.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    intention to migrate; social networks; local migration; international migration; remittances;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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