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Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric Docquier

    ()

    (FNRS & IRES, Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium), and FERDI (France))

  • Aysit Tansel

    ()

    (Middle East Technical University (Turkey), IZA (Germany) and ERF (Egypt))

  • Riccardo Turati

    ()

    (IRES, Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium))

Registered author(s):

    This paper empirically investigates whether emigrants from MENA countries self-select on cultural traits such as religiosity and gender-egalitarian attitudes. To do so, we use Gallup World Poll data on individual opinions and beliefs, migration aspirations, short-run migration plans, and preferred destination choices. We find that individuals who intend to emigrate to OECD, high-income countries exhibit significantly lower levels of religiosity than the rest of the population. They also share more gender-egalitarian views, although the effect only holds among the young (aged 15 to 30), among single women, and in countries with a Sunni minority. For countries mostly affected by Arab Spring, since 2011 the degree of cultural selection has decreased. Nevertheless, the aggregate effects of cultural selection should not be overestimated. Overall, self-selection along cultural traits has limited (albeit non negligible) effects on the average characteristics of the population left behind, and on the cultural distance between natives and immigrants in the OECD countries.

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    File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_1716.pdf
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    Paper provided by Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum in its series Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers with number 1716.

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    Length: 54 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2017
    Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1716
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