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Gender Differences in the Role of Migrant Networks: Comparing Congolese and Senegalese Migration Flows

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  • Sorana Toma
  • Sophie Vause

Abstract

type="main" xml:id="imre12150-abs-0001"> This paper uses recent longitudinal data collected within the Migration between Africa and Europe (MAFE) project to investigate gender differences in the role of migrant networks in international mobility. Furthermore, we compare Congolese and Senegalese migration streams to examine how the interplay between gender and networks varies across contexts of origin. We go beyond previous studies by considering the case of spousal reunification alongside other forms of migration: we separate the role of the migrant spouse from other network ties, as failing to do so overestimates the role of migrant networks in female mobility. We further find that Senegalese women are more likely than men to rely on geographically concentrated networks, composed of close kin and established abroad for a long time. Gender differences are much less pronounced in the Congolese case, which we relate to the more rigid patriarchal norms in Senegal, restricting female autonomy both in terms of mobility and economic activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Sorana Toma & Sophie Vause, 2014. "Gender Differences in the Role of Migrant Networks: Comparing Congolese and Senegalese Migration Flows," International Migration Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 972-997, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:intmig:v:48:y:2014:i:4:p:972-997
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/imre.2014.48.issue-4
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    Cited by:

    1. Manchin, Miriam & Orazbayev, Sultan, 2018. "Social networks and the intention to migrate," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 360-374.
    2. repec:dem:demres:v:39:y:2018:i:44 is not listed on IDEAS

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