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Wissensintensive Unternehmensdienste, Wissens-Spillovers und regionales Wachstum. Teilprojekt 1: Wissens-Spillovers und regionale Entwicklung – Welche strukturpolitische Ausrichtung optimiert das Wachstum?

Author

Listed:
  • Matthias Firgo
  • Peter Mayerhofer

Abstract

Das vorliegende Teilprojekt präsentiert empirische Ergebnisse zum Zusammenhang von Wissens-Spillovers und regionalem Wachstum in Österreich. Auf Basis von kleinräumigen Wachstumsanalysen für die österreichischen Arbeitsmarktbezirke werden erstmals Erkenntnisse dazu vorgelegt, ob eine spezialisierte oder eine diversifizierte Branchenstruktur das Beschäftigungswachstum stärker unterstützt – eine Forschungsfrage, die für eine evidenzbasierte Weiterentwicklung der Strukturpolitik in Österreich von großer Bedeutung ist. Die Ergebnisse sprechen für die Vorteile einer Politik, welche grundsätzlich auf Branchenvielfalt bzw. die weitere Diversifikation der Branchenstruktur in neue Bereiche setzt, innerhalb dieser breiten sektoralen Aufstellung aber vertikale Schwerpunkte verfolgt und damit bewusst Prioritäten setzt. Sinnvoll wäre eine solche Fokussierung vor allem thematisch (also branchenübergreifend) und nicht sektoral. Erfolge in der Diversifikation dürften vor allem dann zu erwarten sein, wenn neue Aktivitäten in technologischer bzw. kognitiver Nähe zu bestehenden Stärken entstehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthias Firgo & Peter Mayerhofer, 2015. "Wissensintensive Unternehmensdienste, Wissens-Spillovers und regionales Wachstum. Teilprojekt 1: Wissens-Spillovers und regionale Entwicklung – Welche strukturpolitische Ausrichtung optimiert das Wach," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58342, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:58342
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