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Which types of relatedness matter in regional growth? Industry, occupation and education

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  • Sofia Wixe
  • Martin Andersson

Abstract

Which types of relatedness matter in regional growth? Industry, occupation and education. Regional Studies. This paper provides a conceptual discussion of relatedness, which suggests a focus on individuals as a complement to firms and industries. The empirical relevance of the main arguments is tested by estimating the effects of related and unrelated variety in education and occupation among employees, as well as in industries, on regional growth. The results show that occupational and educational related variety are positively correlated with productivity growth, which supports the conceptual discussion put forth in the paper. In addition, related variety in industries is found to be negative for productivity growth, but positive for employment growth.

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  • Sofia Wixe & Martin Andersson, 2017. "Which types of relatedness matter in regional growth? Industry, occupation and education," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(4), pages 523-536, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:51:y:2017:i:4:p:523-536
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2015.1112369
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    3. Diogo Ferraz & Fernanda P. S. Falguera & Enzo B. Mariano & Dominik Hartmann, 2021. "Linking Economic Complexity, Diversification, and Industrial Policy with Sustainable Development: A Structured Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(3), pages 1-29, January.
    4. Giulio Cainelli & Roberto Ganau & Marco Modica, 2019. "Does related variety affect regional resilience? New evidence from Italy," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 62(3), pages 657-680, June.
    5. Matthias Firgo & Peter Mayerhofer, 2015. "Wissensintensive Unternehmensdienste, Wissens-Spillovers und regionales Wachstum. Teilprojekt 1: Wissens-Spillovers und regionale Entwicklung – Welche strukturpolitische Ausrichtung optimiert das Wach," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58342.
    6. Andersson, Martin & Larsson, Johan P & Wernberg, Joakim, 2019. "The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities – firm-level evidence from Swedish cities," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(6), pages 1385-1398.
    7. Andersson, Martin & Larsson, Johan P. & Wernberg, Joakim, 2017. "The Economic Microgeography of Diversity and Specialization," Working Paper Series 1167, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    8. Emelie Hane-Weijman & Rikard H. Eriksson & Martin Henning, 2018. "Returning to work: regional determinants of re-employment after major redundancies," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(6), pages 768-780, June.
    9. Nilsson, Pia, 2016. "The influence of related and unrelated industry diversity on retail firm failure," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 219-227.
    10. Barbieri, Nicolò & Consoli, Davide, 2019. "Regional diversification and green employment in US metropolitan areas," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 693-705.
    11. Galetti, Jefferson Ricardo Bretas & Tessarin, Milene Simone & Morceiro, Paulo César, 2020. "Local, Complementarity and Similarity Relatedness in Different Regional and Sectoral Contexts," TD NEREUS 12-2020, Núcleo de Economia Regional e Urbana da Universidade de São Paulo (NEREUS).
    12. Andersson, Martin & Larsson, Johan P, 2020. "Mysteries of the Trade? Skill-Specific Local Agglomeration Economies," Working Paper Series 1352, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    13. Wallin, Tina, 2017. "An empirical study of firms’ absorptive capacity and export diversification," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 452, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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