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Agglomeration and the Geography of Localization Economies in Canada


  • John Baldwin
  • Desmond Beckstead
  • W. Mark Brown
  • David Rigby


Baldwin J. R., Beckstead D., Brown W. M. and Rigby D. L. Agglomeration and the geography of localization economies in Canada, Regional Studies. This paper maps the spatial variation in productivity levels across Canadian cities and models the underlying determinants of that variation. There are two main goals. The first is to confirm the existence, the nature and the size of agglomeration economies; and the second to identify the geographical extent of knowledge spillovers using information on the location of individual manufacturing plants. Analysis reveals that the productivity performance of plants is positively influenced by access to buyer-supplier networks, labour market pooling and knowledge spillovers. The effect of knowledge spillovers on productivity extends at most 10 km beyond individual plants. [image omitted] [image omitted] Baldwin J. R., Beckstead D., Brown W. M. et Rigby D. L. S'agglomerer et la geographie des economies de localisation au Canada, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a tracer la variation geographique des niveaux de productivite a travers les grandes villes au Canada et a modeliser les determinants sous-jacents de cette variation. Les deux buts principaux sont les suivants. Primo, confirmer la presence, les caracteristiques et l'importance des economies d'agglomeration. Secundo, identifier la portee geographique des retombees de connaissance a partir des donnees sur la localisation des etablissements industriels. L'analyse laisse voir que la productivite des etablissements est influencee de maniere positive par l'acces aux reseaux acheteur / fournisseur, par les bassins d'emploi et par les retombees de connaissance. L'impact des retombees de connaissance sur la productivite s'etend au plus dix kilometres au-dela des etablissements. S'agglomerer Economies de localisation Retombees de connaissance Baldwin J. R., Beckstead D., Brown W. M. und Rigby D. L. Agglomeration und die Geografie von Lokalisierungsokonomien in Kanada, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag kartieren wir die raumlichen Schwankungen des Produktivitatsniveaus in verschiedenen kanadischen Stadten und modellieren die zugrundeliegenden Determinanten dieser Schwankung. Hiermit werden zwei Hauptziele verfolgt. Erstens mochten wir die Existenz, Beschaffenheit und Grosse von Agglomerationswirtschaften untersuchen. Zweitens mochten wir die geografische Ausbreitung von Wissensubertragungen feststellen, wofur wir Informationen uber den Standort einzelner Produktionsbetriebe nutzen. Aus der Analyse geht hervor, dass die produktive Leistung von Betrieben von einem Zugang zu Kaufer-Lieferanten-Netzwerken, Arbeitsmarktpools und Wissensubertragungen positiv beeinflusst wird. Die Auswirkung der Wissensubertragungen auf die Produktivitat erstreckt sich auf einen Umkreis von hochstens zehn Kilometern um die einzelnen Betriebe. Agglomeration Lokalisierungsokonomien Wissensubertragung Baldwin J. R., Beckstead D., Brown W. M. y Rigby D. L. Aglomeracion y la geografia de las economias de localizacion en Canada, Regional Studies. En este ensayo analizamos la variacion espacial en los niveles de productividad en las ciudades canadienses y construimos un modelo de los determinantes subyacentes de esa variacion. Tenemos dos objetivos principales. Primero, confirmar la existencia, la naturaleza y el tamano de las economias de aglomeracion. Segundo, identificar la extension geografica de los desbordamientos de conocimiento usando informacion sobre la ubicacion de las plantas individuales de manufacturacion. Los analisis indican que el acceso a las redes de comprador-proveedor, el conjunto del mercado laboral y los desbordamientos de conocimiento influyen positivamente en el rendimiento de productividad de las plantas. El efecto de los desbordamientos de conocimiento en la productividad abarca como maximo diez kilometros alrededor de las plantas individuales. Aglomeracion Economias de localizacion Desbordamientos de conocimiento

Suggested Citation

  • John Baldwin & Desmond Beckstead & W. Mark Brown & David Rigby, 2008. "Agglomeration and the Geography of Localization Economies in Canada," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(1), pages 117-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:1:p:117-132
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701543199

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lucia Foster & John C. Haltiwanger & C. J. Krizan, 2001. "Aggregate Productivity Growth: Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence," NBER Chapters,in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 303-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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