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Entrepreneurship and enforcement institutions: Disaggregated evidence for Spain

  • Miguel García-Posada

    ()

    (Banco de España-Eurosystem & Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

  • Juan S. Mora-Sanguinetti

    ()

    (Banco de España-Eurosystem & Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

Entry of new firms, both in the form of entrepreneurs and corporations, fosters competition and productivity. The entry of firms and productivity have both been low in the Spanish economy over recent years. This paper analyses the determinants of entry focusing on the role of the design and efficacy of enforcement institutions (the judicial system), an aspect traditionally overlooked. To do this, we exploit disaggregated data at the local level in Spain. We find that higher judicial efficacy increases the entry rate of firms, while it has no effect on the exit rate. Crucially, that impact only occurs in the case of the entry rates for entrepreneurs, defined as self-employed, but not in the case of limited liability corporations. This finding may be due to the fact that judicial (in)efficacy can be regarded as a fixed cost to be paid by the agents that litigate. Hence, the economic activity of entrepreneurs – and specifically, their entry into the market – is expected to be more affected than that of larger firms.

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File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/14/Fich/dt1405e.pdf
File Function: First version, March 2014
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Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Working Papers with number 1405.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1405
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