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Global Links: Multinationals, Foreign Ownership and Productivity Growth in Canadian Manufacturing

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Gu, Wulong

Abstract

This paper examines two potential benefits of foreign-controlled plants in the Canadian manufacturing sector: the superior performance of foreign-controlled plants and their productivity spillovers to domestic plants. The paper finds that foreign-controlled plants are more productive, more innovative, more technology intensive, pay higher wages and use more skilled workers. This foreign-ownership advantage is found to be a multinational advantage. What matters for economic performance is whether plants belong to multinational enterprises (MNEs) rather than ownership per se. Canadian multinationals are as productive as foreign multinationals. We also find that MNEs have accounted for a disproportionately large share of productivity growth in the last two decades. Finally, we find robust evidence for productivity spillovers from foreign-controlled plants to domestic-controlled plants arising from increased competition and greater use of new technologies among domestic plants.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2005. "Global Links: Multinationals, Foreign Ownership and Productivity Growth in Canadian Manufacturing," The Canadian Economy in Transition 2005009e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp1e:2005009e
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jeffrey I. Bernstein & Richard G. Harris & Andrew Sharpe, 2002. "The Widening Canada-US Productivity Gap in Manufaturing," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 5, pages 3-22, Fall.
    2. Jonathan E. Haskel & Sonia C. Pereira & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2007. "Does Inward Foreign Direct Investment Boost the Productivity of Domestic Firms?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(3), pages 482-496, August.
    3. Chiara Criscuolo & Ralf Martin, 2009. "Multinationals and U.S. Productivity Leadership: Evidence from Great Britain," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(2), pages 263-281, May.
    4. Aitken, Brian & Harrison, Ann & DEC, 1994. "Do domestic firms benefit from foreign direct investment? Evidence from panel data," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1248, The World Bank.
    5. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2004. "Innovation, Survival and Performance of Canadian Manufacturing Plants," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2004022e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    6. Griffith, Rachel & Redding, Stephen J. & Simpson, Helen, 2002. "Productivity Convergence and Foreign Ownership at the Establishment Level," CEPR Discussion Papers 3765, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2004. "Industrial Competition, Shifts in Market Share and Productivity Growth," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2004021e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    8. Alla Lileeva, 2010. "The benefits to domestically owned plants from inward direct investment: the role of vertical linkages," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 43(2), pages 574-603, May.
    9. Baldwin, John R. & Gellatly, Guy, 2005. "Global Links: Long-term Trends in Foreign Investment and Foreign Control in Canada, 1960 to 2000," The Canadian Economy in Transition 2005008e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division.
    10. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2001. "Impact of the Adoption of Advanced Information and Communication Technologies on Firm Performance in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2001174e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    11. Baldwin,John R. & Hanel,Petr, 2007. "Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521037136, October.
    12. Lucia Foster & John C. Haltiwanger & C. J. Krizan, 2001. "Aggregate Productivity Growth: Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence," NBER Chapters,in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 303-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Steven Globerman & John C. Ries & Ilan Vertinsky, 1994. "The Economic Performance of Foreign Affiliates in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(1), pages 143-156, February.
    14. Rachel Griffith & Stephen Redding & Helen Simpson, 2004. "Foreign Ownership and Productivity: New Evidence from the Service Sector and the R&D Lab," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(3), pages 440-456, Autumn.
    15. John R. Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2006. "Plant turnover and productivity growth in Canadian manufacturing," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 417-465, June.
    16. Caves, Richard E, 1974. "Multinational Firms, Competition, and Productivity in Host-Country Markets," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 41(162), pages 176-193, May.
    17. Salvador Barrios & Eric Strobl, 2002. "Foreign direct investment and productivity spillovers: Evidence from the Spanish experience," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(3), pages 459-481, September.
    18. Steven Globerman, 1979. "Foreign Direct Investment and `Spillover' Efficiency Benefits in Canadian Manufacturing Industries," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 12(1), pages 42-56, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. John R. Baldwin & W. Mark Brown & David L. Rigby, 2010. "Agglomeration Economies: Microdata Panel Estimates From Canadian Manufacturing," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(5), pages 915-934, December.
    2. Jaan Masso & Tõnu Roolaht & Urmas Varblane, 2010. "Foreign Direct Investment And Innovation In Central And Eastern Europe: Evidence From Estonia," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 67, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    3. A. E. Safarian, 2015. "Simplifying the Rule Book: a Proposal to Reform and Clarify Canada’s Policy on Inward Foreign Direct Investment," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 425, May.
    4. Patrick GEORGES & Marcel MERETTE & Yazid DISSOU, "undated". "Liberalizing Foreign Direct Investment Restrictions in Canada: A Multi-Country Computable General Equilibrium Analysis," EcoMod2008 23800043, EcoMod.
    5. Feinberg, Susan & Keane, Michael, 2009. "The Offshoring Strategies of US Multinational Corporations Operating in Canada," MPRA Paper 55181, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Peter Nicholson, 2009. "Innovation and Business Strategy: Why Canada Falls Short," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 18, pages 51-71, Spring.
    7. A. Edward Safarian, 2011. "International Mergers and Acquisitions," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume III, chapter 6 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Ghosh Madanmohan & Wang Weimin, 2010. "Does FDI Accelerate Economic Growth? The OECD Experience Based on Panel Data Estimates for the Period 1980-2004," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 9(4), pages 1-23, January.
    9. Lileeva, Alla, 2006. "Global Links: The Benefits to Domestically-controlled Plants from Inward Direct Investment - The Role of Vertical Linkages," The Canadian Economy in Transition 2006010e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division.
    10. David L. Rigby & W. Mark Brown, 2015. "Who Benefits from Agglomeration?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 28-43, January.

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