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Foreign Direct Investment And Innovation In Central And Eastern Europe: Evidence From Estonia

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  • Jaan Masso
  • Tõnu Roolaht
  • Urmas Varblane

Abstract

A growing literature is trying to analyse the productivity gap between domestic and foreign firms with differences in innovation indicators. In our paper we analyse the relationship between inward and outward FDI at either company or industry level and the innovation behaviour of companies in Estonia. We use company-level data from three waves of the Community Innovation Surveys, which are combined with financial data from the Estonian Business Register and FDI data from the balance of payments statistics. For the analysis we apply a structural model involving equations on innovation expenditure, innovation outcome and productivity, and also innovation accounting and propensity score matching approaches. Our results show that the higher innovation output of foreign owned companies vanishes after various company characteristics are controlled for, but there were significant differences in innovation inputs such as the higher use of knowledge sourcing and the lower importance of various impeding factors. Outward investment has a positive influence on innovativeness among both domestic and foreign owned companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaan Masso & Tõnu Roolaht & Urmas Varblane, 2010. "Foreign Direct Investment And Innovation In Central And Eastern Europe: Evidence From Estonia," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 67, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  • Handle: RePEc:mtk:febawb:67
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Priit Vahter, 2010. "Does FDI spur innovation, productivity and knowledge sourcing by incumbent firms? Evidence from manufacturing industry in Estonia," Discussion Papers 10/09, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    2. Miroslav Šipikal & Milan Buček, 2018. "The Role of FDI in Regional Innovation and Its Influence on the Emergence of Knowledge Spillover Effects," Advances in Spatial Science, in: Jan Stejskal & Petr Hajek & Oto Hudec (ed.), Knowledge Spillovers in Regional Innovation Systems, pages 195-218, Springer.
    3. Andreas Kappeler, 2015. "Estonia: Raising Productivity and Benefitting more from Openness," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1215, OECD Publishing.
    4. Robert Price & Andreas Wörgötter, 2011. "Estonia: Making the Most of Globalisation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 876, OECD Publishing.
    5. Andrea Caragliu & Camilla Lenzi & Miroslav Šipikal & Milan Buček, 2013. "The role of FDIs in regional innovation: Evidence from the automotive industry in Western Slovakia," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(4), pages 475-490, November.
    6. Kadri M�nnasoo & Jaanika Merikull, 2011. "How do demand fluctations and credit constraints affect R&D? Evidence from Central, Southern and Eastern Europe," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2011-09, Bank of Estonia, revised 19 Jul 2011.
    7. Jan Stejskal & Petr Hajek & Oto Hudec (ed.), 2018. "Knowledge Spillovers in Regional Innovation Systems," Advances in Spatial Science, Springer, number 978-3-319-67029-4.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    innovation; internationalisation; foreign direct investments; catching-up countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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