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The Link between R&D, Innovation and Productivity: Are Micro Firms Different?

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  • Baumann, Julian

    () (DIW Berlin)

  • Kritikos, Alexander S.

    () (DIW Berlin)

Abstract

We analyze the link between R&D, innovation, and productivity in MSMEs with a special focus on micro firms with fewer than 10 employees; usually constituting the majority of firms in industrialized economies. Using the German KfW SME panel, we examine to what extent micro firms are different from other firms in terms of innovativeness. We find that while firms engage in innovative activities with smaller probability, the smaller they are, for those firms that do make such investment, R&D intensity is larger the smaller firms are. For all MSMEs, the predicted R&D intensity is positively correlated with the probability of reporting innovation, with a larger effect size for product than for process innovations. Moreover, micro firms benefit in a comparable way from innovation processes as larger firms, as they are similarly able to increase their labor productivity. Overall, the link between R&D, innovation, and productivity in micro firms does not largely differ from their larger counterparts.

Suggested Citation

  • Baumann, Julian & Kritikos, Alexander S., 2016. "The Link between R&D, Innovation and Productivity: Are Micro Firms Different?," IZA Discussion Papers 9734, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9734
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2316-:d:156219 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:6:p:1111-1124 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Naqeeb Ur Rehman, 2017. "Self-selection and learning-by-exporting hypotheses: micro-level evidence," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(1), pages 133-160, April.
    4. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:8:p:1418-1436 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    MSMEs; micro firms; small firms; R&D; innovation; productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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