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Determinants and growth effects of foreign direct investment

Author

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  • Uppenberg, Kristian

    () (European Investment Bank, Economic and Financial Studies)

  • Riess, Armin

    () (European Investment Bank, Economic and Financial Studies)

Abstract

Focussing on Europe, this paper starts with reviewing the main determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI); a key observation is that economic policies and non-policy factors contribute equally to the direction of FDI flows. The paper then examines the growth-FDI nexus: while a strong positive correlation between inward FDI and economic growth exists, at least in the more advanced EU-15 economies it is not clear whether the causality runs from FDI to growth or vice versa; in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) there is stronger evidence that FDI has boosted growth during the transition period, partly by augmenting domestic investment; that said, evidence of technology spillovers (a potentially important channel for FDI to boost growth) is harder to find in CEE than in developed economies. The paper finally argues that growth-enhancing policies in general are more promising than specific support for FDI.

Suggested Citation

  • Uppenberg, Kristian & Riess, Armin, 2004. "Determinants and growth effects of foreign direct investment," EIB Papers 3/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:eibpap:2004_003
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Daniele, Vittorio, 2007. "Criminalità e investimenti esteri. Un’analisi per le province italiane
      [The effect of organized crime on Foreign Investments. An Empirical Analysis for the Italian Provinces]
      ," MPRA Paper 6417, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Vittorio, Daniele & Ugo, Marani, 2008. "Organized Crime and Foreign Direct Investment: the Italian Case," MPRA Paper 7217, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Nikolay Naydenov, 2008. "Opportunities for Foreign Direct Investments through International Business Incubators in Bulgaria," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 180-211.
    4. Bilgehan Karabay & Gernot Pulverer & Ewa Weinmüller, 2009. "Foreign Ownership Restrictions: A Numerical Approach," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 33(4), pages 361-388, May.
    5. Farkas, Beáta, 2011. "A közép-kelet-európai piacgazdaságok fejlődési lehetőségei az Európai Unióban
      [The development opportunities for the Central-East European market economies within the European Union]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 412-429.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign direct investment; economic growth; innovation; mergers and acquisitions;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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