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Foreign firms, technology transfer and knowledge spillovers to Indian manufacturing firms: a stochastic frontier analysis


  • Vinish Kathuria


This paper uses techniques from a stochastic production frontier (i.e., the best practice technology used in the industry vis-a-vis average practised technology) and panel data literature to test for the spillover hypothesis that 'presence of foreign-owned firms and disembodied technology import in a sector leads to higher productivity growth for domestic firms'. The study uses panel data for 368 medium and largesized Indian manufacturing firms for the period 1975-1976 to 1988-1989. The results indicate that there exists positive spillovers from the presence of foreign-owned firms but the nature and type of spillovers vary depending upon the industries to which the firms' belong. There exist significant positive spillovers for the domestic firms belonging to the 'scientific' subgroup provided the firms themselves possess significant R&D capabilities. However, for the 'non-scientific' subgroup presence of foreign firms itself forces the local firms to be more productive by inducing greater competition. However, the results change marginally when the initial level of productivity (i.e. the technology-gap) is considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Vinish Kathuria, 2001. "Foreign firms, technology transfer and knowledge spillovers to Indian manufacturing firms: a stochastic frontier analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 625-642.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:33:y:2001:i:5:p:625-642
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840121940

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fujimori, Azusa & Sato, Takahiro, 2015. "Productivity and technology diffusion in India: The spillover effects from foreign direct investment," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 630-651.
    2. Sasidharan, Subash & Kathuria, Vinish, 2011. "Foreign Direct Investment and R&D: Substitutes or Complements--A Case of Indian Manufacturing after 1991 Reforms," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1226-1239, July.
    3. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 2003. "Human Capital and Inward FDI," CEPR Discussion Papers 3762, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. repec:bla:jecsur:v:31:y:2017:i:2:p:546-571 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kottaridi, Constantina & Stengos, Thanasis, 2010. "Foreign direct investment, human capital and non-linearities in economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 858-871, September.
    6. Crespo, Nuno & Fontoura, Maria Paula, 2007. "Determinant Factors of FDI Spillovers - What Do We Really Know?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 410-425, March.
    7. Adriana Peluffo & Dayna Zaclicever, 2013. "Imported Intermediates and Productivity: Does Absorptive Capacity Matter? A Firm-Level Analysis for Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0613, Department of Economics - dECON.
    8. Mita Bhattacharya & Jong-Rong Chen & V. Pradeep Author-X-Name- V, 2008. "Productivity Spillovers In Indian Manufacturing Firms," Monash Economics Working Papers 30/08, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    9. Keshari, Pradeep Kumar, 2013. "Comparative performance of foreign affiliates and domestic firms in the Indian machinery industry," MPRA Paper 33076, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2013.
    10. Farole, Thomas & Winkler, Deborah, 2012. "Foreign firm characteristics, absorptive capacity and the institutional framework : the role of mediating factors for FDI spillovers in low- and middle-income countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6265, The World Bank.
    11. Pradeep Kumar Keshari, 2011. "Efficiency Spillovers from FDI in the Indian Machinery Industry: A Firm Level Study Using Panel Data Models," Working Papers id:4195, eSocialSciences.
    12. Rashmi Banga, 2003. "Diffenentail impact of Japanese and U.S foreign direct invesements on productivity growth- A firm level analysis," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 112, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
    13. R. Rijesh, 2015. "Technology Import and Manufacturing Productivity in India: Firm Level Analysis," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 411-434, December.
    14. Vinish Kathuria & Anaka Aiyar, 2011. "Link between Exporting and Productivity: Firm Level analysis for Indian Chemical Industry," Working Papers id:3794, eSocialSciences.
    15. Winkler, Deborah, 2013. "Potential and actual FDI spillovers in global value chains : the role of foreign investor characteristics, absorptive capacity and transmission channels," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6424, The World Bank.
    16. Subash Sasidharan, 2006. "Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Spillovers:Evidence from the Indian Manufacturing Sector," Working Papers id:448, eSocialSciences.
    17. Pedro Sánchez-Sellero & Jorge Rosell-Martínez & José Manuel García-Vázquez, 2014. "Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment in Spanish Manufacturing Firms," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 342-351, May.
    18. Miao Wang & M. C. Sunny Wong, 2016. "Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Firm-level Technical Efficiency: Stochastic Frontier Model Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Firms," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 44(3), pages 335-361, September.
    19. Uppenberg, Kristian & Riess, Armin, 2004. "Determinants and growth effects of foreign direct investment," EIB Papers 3/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
    20. Juraj Cheben & Drahoslav Lancaric & Radovan Savov & Marián Tóth, 2015. "Towards Sustainable Marketing: Strategy in Slovak Companies," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 17(40), pages 855-855, August.

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