IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Government, Innovation and Technology Policy, An Analysis of the Brazilian Experience during the 1990s


  • Mani, Sunil

    () (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)


The purpose of this paper is to survey the various ways through which the Brazilian state has intervened in the area of technology development at the enterprise level. Government intervention in technology development has manifested itself in terms of four areas: First it had placed restrictions on the import of foreign technology, but most of these restrictions were removed or diluted as part of the liberalisation strategy of the 1990s. Consequently the cost of purchasing disembodied technology has registered some significant increases during the post-liberalisation phase. Second, it has initiated a number of schemes through which domestic technology development is financed. In terms of instruments, these can be classified into loans and grants, tax incentives and venture capital. Third, the state has intervened to create an adequate supply of extremely well-trained scientific manpower. While there appears to be no supply bottlenecks, the demand for scientists and engineers appears to be very low. The very low density of scientists and engineers indicates this. Finally the Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT), the main administrative agency responsible for innovation policy, seems to be aware of the problems faced by the innovation system in the country. It is in the process of giving shape to a new policy on innovation, has introduced new research grants, etc., but it has not addressed itself to the fundamental weakness of the innovation system, namely the low density of scientists and engineers in the country

Suggested Citation

  • Mani, Sunil, 2001. "Government, Innovation and Technology Policy, An Analysis of the Brazilian Experience during the 1990s," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 11, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:200111

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. da Motta e Albuquerque, Eduardo, 2000. "Domestic patents and developing countries: arguments for their study and data from Brazil (1980-1995)," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1047-1060, December.
    2. Narayanan, K., 1998. "Technology acquisition, de-regulation and competitiveness: a study of Indian automobile industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 215-228, June.
    3. Mani, Sunil, 1999. "Public Innovation Policies and Developing Countries In a Phase of Economic Liberalisation," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 02, United Nations University - INTECH.
    4. Mani, Sunil, 2000. "Exports of High Technology Products from Developing Countries: Is it Real or a Statistical Artifact?," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1, United Nations University - INTECH.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Adriana Peluffo, 2011. "Integración regional y difusión de tecnología: el caso uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-10, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    2. Velho, Lea & Saenz, Tirso W., 2002. "R&D in the Public and Private Sector in Brazil: Complements or Substitutes?," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 08, United Nations University - INTECH.
    3. Adriana Peluffo, 2013. "Regional integration and technology diffusion: The case of Uruguay," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(5), pages 786-816, August.

    More about this item


    Innovation Policy; Patents; Research Grants; Venture Capital; Human Resources Development;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:200111. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ad Notten). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.