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Technology, Manufactured Exports and Competitiveness


  • Cooper, Charles

    (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)


The external situation facing developing countries has changed markedly in the past decade in terms of increased international economic integration and accelerated technological change. In this context, the paper explores the role of technological factors in developing countries' efforts to become internationally competitive in manufactured exports. The results of an empirical analysis suggest that it is possible to discern different technological growth paths associated with the development of manufactured exports from developing countries. The implications of these different paths are discussed, and the distributional effects arising through the growth or stagnation of real wages are examined, together with aggregate employment effects, and especially the effects on women's employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Cooper, Charles, 1995. "Technology, Manufactured Exports and Competitiveness," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 13, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:199513

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pilat, Dirk, 1995. "Comparative productivity of Korean manufacturing, 1967-1987," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 123-144, February.
    2. Kaplinsky, Raphael, 1995. "The Implications of New Organizational Techniques for Developing Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 14, United Nations University - INTECH.
    3. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-1171, September.
    4. Alexandre Rands Barros, 1993. "Some implications of new growth theory for economic development," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(5), pages 531-558, September.
    5. Pack, Howard & Westphal, Larry E., 1986. "Industrial strategy and technological change : Theory versus reality," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 87-128, June.
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