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Implications Of National Innovation Systems For Developing Countries: Managing Change And Complexity In Economic Development


  • Gu, Shulin

    () (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)


This paper develops implications of National Innovation Systems (NIS) from the perspective of developing countries. A review of the development of NIS in the OECD context reveals that the notion of national innovation systems is a synthesis made at the national and other societal levels, of the insights about technological innovation and institutional change. Its strong policy orientation came from the need to manage change and complexity for economic growth and development. It should be adapted as one of the most relevant policy instruments for knowledge based development in developing countries. The paper identifies gaps which may impede possible applications of the innovative policy approach of NIS, mainly in the preparation of people for change, and in the development of a knowledge basis for the learning intensive policy approach of NIS. The paper also illustrates how to make efforts to narrow the gaps.

Suggested Citation

  • Gu, Shulin, 1999. "Implications Of National Innovation Systems For Developing Countries: Managing Change And Complexity In Economic Development," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 03, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:199903

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Narayanan, K., 1998. "Technology acquisition, de-regulation and competitiveness: a study of Indian automobile industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 215-228, June.
    2. Bartzokas, Anthony & Yarime, Masaru, 1997. "Technology Trends in Pollution-Intensive Industries: A Review of Sectoral Trends," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 06, United Nations University - INTECH.
    3. Mani, Sunil, 1999. "Public Innovation Policies and Developing Countries In a Phase of Economic Liberalisation," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 02, United Nations University - INTECH.
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    Cited by:

    1. Waheed, Abdul, 2011. "Innovation and firm-level productivity: econometric evidence from Bangladesh and Pakistan," MERIT Working Papers 061, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. Crespo, Nuno Fernandes & Crespo, Cátia Fernandes, 2016. "Global innovation index: Moving beyond the absolute value of ranking with a fuzzy-set analysis," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(11), pages 5265-5271.
    3. Martin Berger & Javier Revilla Diez, 2007. "Can Host Innovation Systems in Late Industrializing Countries Benefit from the Presence of Transnational Corporations? Insights from Thailand's Manufacturing Industry," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(8), pages 1047-1074, March.
    4. Shulin Gu & Bengt-Åke Lundvall & Ju Liu & Franco Malerba & Sylvia Schwaag Serger, 2009. "China's System and Vision of Innovation: An Analysis in Relation to the Strategic Adjustment and the Medium- to Long-Term S&T Development Plan (2006-20)," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4-5), pages 369-388.
    5. Intarakumnerd, Patarapong & Chairatana, Pun-arj & Tangchitpiboon, Tipawan, 2002. "National innovation system in less successful developing countries: the case of Thailand," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1445-1457, December.
    6. Daniel Schiller, 2006. "Nascent Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: University Responses to Regional Needs in Thailand," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 481-504.

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    Technology Policy; National Policy; Developing Countries; Economic Development;

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