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Exports of High Technology Products from Developing Countries: Is it Real or a Statistical Artifact?


  • Mani, Sunil

    () (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)


This paper first develops a consistent time-series data on the exports of high technology products from essentially the developing countries. An analysis of the data shows that developing countries are increasingly becoming exporters of manufactured products as against primary products in the past. Second the world trade is increasingly becoming a trade in high tech products. What is more striking is the significant increase of the technology content of exports by developing countries: very nearly a quarter of the exports from developing countries is now in high tech products. Third, the share of developing countries in high tech exports have shown dramatic increases: it has increased from about 8 per cent in 1988 to about 23 per cent by 1997. But there is considerable concentration of it in a few countries. The paper then seeks to explain whether these developing countries are real exporters of high tech products or not. This is accomplished by a careful examination of the degree of product specialisation by both developed and developing countries, by examining their record with respect to patenting and finally by analysing certain indicators of high tech competitiveness. The paper concludes by presenting a case study of a leading high tech exporter from the developing world.

Suggested Citation

  • Mani, Sunil, 2000. "Exports of High Technology Products from Developing Countries: Is it Real or a Statistical Artifact?," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:200001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mani, Sunil, 2000. "Policy Instruments for Stimulating R&D in the Enterprise Sector: The Contrasting Experiences of Two MNC Dominated Economies from Southeast Asia," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 9, United Nations University - INTECH.
    2. Marasco, Antonio, 2005. "Testing Schumpeterian growth theory: the role of income inequality as a determinant of research and development expenditures (developed economies) and successful technology transfers (developing econo," MPRA Paper 4785, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Pohit, Sanjib, 2012. "Complementarity and Potentials of High Technology Trade, Technology and Skills Transfers between India-Russia," MPRA Paper 45866, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mani Sunil, 2016. "One size does not fit all : An analysis of the importance of industry-specific vertical policies for growing high technology industries in India," GRIPS Discussion Papers 16-08, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
    5. Mani, Sunil, 2001. "Government and Innovation Policy An Analysis of the South African Experience since 1994," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 2, United Nations University - INTECH.
    6. Sandip SARKER & Arifuzzaman KHAN & Rezwan MAHMOOD, 2016. "Domestic Credit, School Enrollment & Hi-Tech Exports in Bangladesh," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 11(1), pages 7-23, March.
    7. Dahai Fu & Yanrui Wu & Yihong Tang, 2012. "Does Innovation Matter for Chinese High-Tech Exports? A Firm-Level Analysis," Frontiers of Economics in China, Higher Education Press, vol. 7(2), pages 218-245, June.
    8. Éltető, Andrea, 2014. "A visegrádi országok kereskedelme Ázsiával - a globális termelés lenyomata
      [The trade of the Visegrád countries with Asia - a manifestation of global production]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 586-608.
    9. Halmai, Péter, 2007. "Török Ádám: Competitiveness in Research and Development Comparisons and Performance. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, Egyesült Királyság, 2005, 250 oldal
      [Ádám Török: Competitiveness in Researc
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 602-606.
    10. Andrea ÉLTETŐ & Katalin VÖLGYI, 2013. "Integrated in the global value chains - trade developments between Hungary and Asia," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4, pages 57-79, June.
    11. Martin Borowiecki & Bernhard Dachs & Doris Hanzl-Weiss & Steffen Kinkel & Johannes Pöschl & Magdolna Sass & Thomas Christian Schmall & Robert Stehrer & Andrea Szalavetz, 2012. "Global Value Chains and the EU Industry," wiiw Research Reports 383, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    12. Cieślik Ewa, 2014. "Region Of Southern Africa: International Trade And Global Value Chains," Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia, Sciendo, vol. 14(2), pages 239-258, December.
    13. Chatterjee, Rittwik & Chattopadhyay, Srobonti, 2013. "High Technology Products Exports by India and China: A Constant Market Share Analysis," MPRA Paper 51800, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Mani, Sunil, 2001. "Working with the Market: The Israeli Experience of Promoting R&D in the Enterprise Sector and the Lessons for Developing Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 9, United Nations University - INTECH.
    15. Mani, Sunil, 2003. "Deregulation, Entry of MNCs, Public Technology Procurement and Innovation Capability in India's Telecommunications Equipment Industry," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1, United Nations University - INTECH.
    16. Mani, Sunil, 2001. "Government, Innovation and Technology Policy, An Analysis of the Brazilian Experience during the 1990s," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 11, United Nations University - INTECH.
    17. Wong Mei Foong & Tan Hui Boon & Lee Yoong Hon, 2014. "Efficiency and Productivity Gains in Knowledge-Based Production: The Case of East Asian Economies," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 2, pages 122-143.
    18. Mani, Sunil, 2001. "Role of Government in Promoting Innovation in the Enterprise Sector An Analysis of the Indian Experience," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 3, United Nations University - INTECH.
    19. Mehta, Swati, 2010. "Technology Dynamism: Analyses of Changing Structure of Trade in Organized Manufacturing Industries In India," MPRA Paper 41495, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Samy Bennaceur & Adel Boughrara & Samir Ghazouani, 2007. "On the Linkage Between Monetary Policy and MENA Stock Markets," Working Papers 723, Economic Research Forum, revised 04 Jan 2007.
    21. Mani, Sunil & Bartzokas, Anthony, 2002. "Institutional Support for Investment in New Technologies: The Role of Venture Capital Institutions in Developing Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 04, United Nations University - INTECH.
    22. Larry Westphal, 2002. "Technology Strategies For Economic Development In A Fast Changing Global Economy," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4-5), pages 275-320.

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    High technology; Exports; Developing countries;


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