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R&D and Technology Spillovers through FDI: Innovation and Absorptive Capacity

  • Kinoshita, Yuko
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    This Paper examines the effects of two faces of R&D (innovation and development of absorptive or learning capacity) and technology spillovers from FDI (foreign direct investment) on a firm’s productivity growth. Using firm-level panel data on Czech manufacturing firms between 1995 and 1998, I find that: 1) The learning effect of R&D is more important than the innovative effect of R&D in explaining the productivity growth of a firm 2) Technology spillovers from FDI occur for firms that are more R&D intensive 3) Spillovers from foreign joint ventures are insignificant for Czech manufacturing firms 4) The extent of technology spillovers is greater in oligopolistic sectors (electrical machinery and radio and television) than in non-oligopolistic sectors (food, non-metallic minerals, and other manufacturing).

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    Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2775.

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    Date of creation: May 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2775
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    1. Rachel Griffith & Stephen Redding & John Van Reenen, 2004. "Mapping the Two Faces of R&D: Productivity Growth in a Panel of OECD Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(4), pages 883-895, November.
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    9. Yuko Kinoshita, 1999. "Technology Spillovers through Foreign Direct Investment," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 221, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    10. Wolfgang Keller, 1997. "Are International R&D Spillovers Trade-Related? Analyzing Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners," NBER Working Papers 6065, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Muniagurria, Maria E & Singh, Nirvikar, 1997. "Foreign Technology, Spillovers, and R&D Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 38(2), pages 405-30, May.
    12. Goto, Akira & Suzuki, Kazuyuki, 1989. "R&D Capital, Rate of Return on R&D Investment and Spillover of R&D in Japanese Manufacturing Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(4), pages 555-64, November.
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    16. Kokko, Ari, 1994. "Technology, market characteristics, and spillovers," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 279-293, April.
    17. Kamien, Morton I. & Zang, Israel, 2000. "Meet me halfway: research joint ventures and absorptive capacity," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 18(7), pages 995-1012, October.
    18. Eduardo Borensztein & Jose De Gregorio & Jong-Wha Lee, 1995. "How Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic Growth?," NBER Working Papers 5057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Bosworth, D L, 1978. "The Rate of Obsolescence of Technical Knowledge-A Note," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(3), pages 273-79, March.
    20. Wang, Jian-Ye & Blomstrom, Magnus, 1992. "Foreign investment and technology transfer : A simple model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 137-155, January.
    21. Djankov, Simeon & Hoekman, Bernard, 1998. "Avenues of Technology Transfer: Foreign Investment and Productivity Change in the Czech Republic," CEPR Discussion Papers 1883, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    22. Jozef Konings, 2000. "The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Domestic Firms: Evidence from Firm Level Panel Data in Emerging Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 344, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    23. Haddad, Mona & Harrison, Ann, 1993. "Are there positive spillovers from direct foreign investment? : Evidence from panel data for Morocco," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 51-74, October.
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