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Foreign Technology, Spillovers and R&D Policy

Author

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  • Maria E. Muniagurria

    (U C,Santa Cruz)

  • Nirvikar Singh

    (U C, Santa Cruz)

Abstract

We study the nature of appropriate domestic R\&D policy in an imperfectly competitive world, where both the R\&D rivalry among firms and the presence of technological spillovers from a superior foreign technology play a crucial role.There are two firms (a foreign and a domestic firm) that are located in the domestic country, produce a commodity that is sold overseas and compete both in an output and an R\&D stage. We use the basic Spencer and Brander (1983) model with three modifications. First, we introduce R\&D dynamics by considering both an initial R\&D investment and a subsequent improvement. Firms invest in R\&D in period one and can make further improvements in period two. Second, we introduce an asymmetry between the two firms: the foreign firm is more advanced -so it has to invest fewer resources to achieve a given technological level. Third, we consider technological spillovers between firms. We find that the appropriate R&D policy balances the strategic incentive to induce a reduction in foreign initial R&D with the spillover incentive to induce the foreign firm to invest more. If initial foreign R &D increases the present value of domestic profits (i.e., the spillover effect dominates), either a tax to first period domestic R&D or a subsidy to domestic imitation is appropriate. If instead improvements in first period foreign technology have a negative effect on the present value of domestic profits (i.e., the strategic effect dominates) a subsidy to first period domestic R\&D is appropriate.In this case, the nature of the optimal policy on imitation will depend on the relative importance of first and second period effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria E. Muniagurria & Nirvikar Singh, 1994. "Foreign Technology, Spillovers and R&D Policy," Development and Comp Systems 9411001, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:9411001
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barbara J. Spencer & James A. Brander, 1983. "International R & D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 707-722.
    2. Bhaskar Dutta & Kotaro Suzumura, 1993. "On the Sustainability of Collaborative R&D through Private Incentives," Discussion Paper Series a276, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul O'Sullivan, 2014. "DEMAND UNCERTAINTY, R&D LEADERSHIP AND RESEARCH JOINT VENTUREs," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n252-14.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    2. Kinoshita, Yuko, 2001. "R&D and Technology Spillovers through FDI: Innovation and Absorptive Capacity," CEPR Discussion Papers 2775, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Arijit Mukherjee & Uday Bhanu Sinha, 2013. "Patent Protection, Southern Innovation and Welfare in a North–South Trade Model," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 80(318), pages 248-273, April.
    4. Paul O'Sullivan, 2013. "Research Joint Ventures: A Barrier To Entry?," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n246-13.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    5. Paul O'Sullivan, 2014. "R&D Leadership And Research Joint Ventures," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n251-14.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    6. Engers, Maxim & Mitchell, Shannon K., 2006. "R&D policy with layers of economic integration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(7), pages 1791-1815, October.
    7. Neary, J Peter & O'Sullivan, Paul, 1999. " Beat 'Em or Join 'Em? Export Subsidies versus International Research Joint Ventures in Oligopolistic Markets," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(4), pages 577-596, December.
    8. Mathew, Anuj Joshua & Mukherjee, Arijit, 2014. "Intellectual property rights, southern innovation and foreign direct investment," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 128-137.
    9. María José Gil Moltó & Nikolaos Georgantzís & Vicente Orts, 2005. "Cooperative R&D with Endogenous Technology Differentiation," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 461-476, June.
    10. Zhou, Haiwen, 2007. "International R&D tournaments and Industrial Policy," MPRA Paper 75199, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. M. Àngels Oliva & Luis Rivera-Bátiz, 1997. "Multinationals, technology networks and international takeovers," Economics Working Papers 231, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    12. Naoto Jinji & Tsuyoshi Toshimitsu, 2010. "Strategic R&D Policy in a Quality-Differentiated Industry with More than Two Exporting Countries," Discussion papers e-09-001, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
    13. Yuko Kinoshita, 2000. "R&D and Technology Spillovers via FDI: Innovation and Absorptive Capacity," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 349, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    14. Paul O'Sullivan, 2013. "Less Is More? Research Joint Ventures And Entry Deterrence," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n245-13.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    15. Jinji, Naoto & Toshimitsu, Tsuyoshi, 2013. "Strategic R&D policy in a quality-differentiated industry with three exporting countries," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 132-142.
    16. Yuko Kinoshita, 2000. "R&D and technology spillovers via FDI: Innovation and absorptive capacity," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp163, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.

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    JEL classification:

    • O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
    • P - Economic Systems

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