IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Foreign Technology, Spillovers and R&D Policy

Listed author(s):
  • Maria E. Muniagurria

    (U C,Santa Cruz)

  • Nirvikar Singh

    (U C, Santa Cruz)

We study the nature of appropriate domestic R\&D policy in an imperfectly competitive world, where both the R\&D rivalry among firms and the presence of technological spillovers from a superior foreign technology play a crucial role.There are two firms (a foreign and a domestic firm) that are located in the domestic country, produce a commodity that is sold overseas and compete both in an output and an R\&D stage. We use the basic Spencer and Brander (1983) model with three modifications. First, we introduce R\&D dynamics by considering both an initial R\&D investment and a subsequent improvement. Firms invest in R\&D in period one and can make further improvements in period two. Second, we introduce an asymmetry between the two firms: the foreign firm is more advanced -so it has to invest fewer resources to achieve a given technological level. Third, we consider technological spillovers between firms. We find that the appropriate R&D policy balances the strategic incentive to induce a reduction in foreign initial R&D with the spillover incentive to induce the foreign firm to invest more. If initial foreign R &D increases the present value of domestic profits (i.e., the spillover effect dominates), either a tax to first period domestic R&D or a subsidy to domestic imitation is appropriate. If instead improvements in first period foreign technology have a negative effect on the present value of domestic profits (i.e., the strategic effect dominates) a subsidy to first period domestic R\&D is appropriate.In this case, the nature of the optimal policy on imitation will depend on the relative importance of first and second period effects.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 9411001.

in new window

Date of creation: 16 Nov 1994
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:9411001
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Barbara J. Spencer & James A. Brander, 1983. "International R & D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 707-722.
  2. Bhaskar Dutta & Kotaro Suzumura, 1993. "On the Sustainability of Collaborative R&D through Private Incentives," Discussion Paper Series a276, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:9411001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.