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Technology, Transfer and Spillovers: Does Local Participation With Multinationals Matter?

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  • Blomström, Magnus
  • Sjöholm, Fredrik

Abstract

This paper examines the effects on technology transfer and spillovers deriving from ownership sharing of foreign multinational affiliates. More specifically, we try to answer two questions, using unpublished Indonesian micro data. First, do establishments with minority and majority ownership differ in terms of productivity levels? Second, does the degree of spillover differ with the degree of ownership in the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)? Our results show that foreign establishments have comparable high levels of labour productivity and that domestic establishments benefit from spillovers. The degree of foreign ownership affects neither the level of labour productivity in foreign establishments, nor the degree of spillovers.

Suggested Citation

  • Blomström, Magnus & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 1998. "Technology, Transfer and Spillovers: Does Local Participation With Multinationals Matter?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2048, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2048
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    1. Blomstrom, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1998. "Multinational Corporations and Spillovers," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 247-277, July.
    2. Ramachandran, Vijaya, 1993. "Technology Transfer, Firm Ownership, and Investment in Human Capital," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(4), pages 664-670, November.
    3. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    4. Sjoholm, Fredrik, 1999. "Productivity Growth in Indonesia: The Role of Regional Characteristics and Direct Foreign Investment," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(3), pages 559-584, April.
    5. Magnus Blomstrom & Mario Zejan, 1989. "Why Do Multinational Firms Seek Out Joint Ventures?," NBER Working Papers 2987, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Magnus Blomström & Ari Kokko & Mario Zejan, 2000. "Productivity Spillovers from Competition between Local Firms and Foreign Affiliates," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Foreign Direct Investment, chapter 12, pages 187-202, Palgrave Macmillan.
    7. Fredrik Sjoholm, 1999. "Technology gap, competition and spillovers from direct foreign investment: Evidence from establishment data," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 53-73.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; Joint Ventures; MNC; Spillovers; Technology;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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