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Innovation in Cities: Science-Based Diversity, Specialization and Localized Competition

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  • Audretsch, David B
  • Feldman, Maryann P

Abstract

Whether diversity or specialization of economic activity better promotes technological change and subsequent economic growth has been the subject of a heated debate in the economics literature. The purpose of this paper is to consider the effect of the composition of economic activity on innovation. We test whether the specialization of economic activity within a narrow concentrated set of economic activities is more conducive to knowledge spillovers or if diversity, by bringing together complementary activities, better promotes innovation. The evidence provides considerable support for the diversity thesis but little support for the specialization thesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1998. "Innovation in Cities: Science-Based Diversity, Specialization and Localized Competition," CEPR Discussion Papers 1980, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1980
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agglomeration; Economic Development; Geography; Growth; Innovation; Spillovers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

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