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Wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Effekte von Universitäten

Author

Listed:
  • Jürgen Janger
  • Matthias Firgo
  • Kathrin Hofmann

    (WIFO)

  • Agnes Kügler
  • Anna Strauss

    (WIFO)

  • Gerhard Streicher
  • Hans Pechar

Abstract

Universitäten sind zentrale Institutionen in wissensbasierten Gesellschaften. Ihre Aktivitäten ziehen vielfältige wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Effekte nach sich. Die genaue Quantifizierung der volkswirtschaftlichen Effekte bleibt aufgrund von methodischen und datenbezogenen Problemen aber oft bruchstückhaft. Viele Studien des ökonomischen Impacts von Universitäten beschränken sich daher auf kurzfristige Hebeleffekte von Universitätsinvestitionen und den Ausgaben des Personals und der Studierenden auf die umliegende Wertschöpfung. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht sowohl kurzfristige Hebeleffekte als auch längerfristige Wirkungen von Universitätsoutputs auf die Produktivität, um die volkswirtschaftlichen Effekte von Universitäten in Österreich umfassender abzubilden. Zur Analyse der Produktivitätseffekte werden ein erweitertes regionalisiertes Input-Output-Modell der österreichischen Wirtschaft und ökonometrische Analysen der Wirkung von universitärer Forschung und der Tätigkeit von Absolventen und Absolventinnen eingesetzt. Die Studie bietet zusätzlich einen Überblick über nichtmonetäre Effekte der Aktivtäten von Universitäten auf Absolventen und Absolventinnen, Gesellschaft und Kultur.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Janger & Matthias Firgo & Kathrin Hofmann & Agnes Kügler & Anna Strauss & Gerhard Streicher & Hans Pechar, 2017. "Wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Effekte von Universitäten," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 60794.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:60794
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Jürgen Janger, 2019. "Projektbasierte Grundlagenforschungsförderung im internationalen Vergleich. Implikationen für eine Exzellenzinitiative in Österreich," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 92(3), pages 159-172, March.
    3. Jürgen Janger & Agnes Kügler, 2018. "Innovationseffizienz. Österreich im internationalen Vergleich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61111, June.
    4. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss-Kollin, 2020. "Die Leistungsfähigkeit des österreichischen Innovationssystems," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 66555, June.
    5. N. N., 2020. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 9/2020," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 93(9), September.
    6. N. N., 2020. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 10/2020," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 93(10), October.
    7. Wifo, 2021. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 10/2021," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 94(10), October.

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