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Documenting the Brain Drain of “La Crème de la Crème”: Three Case-Studies on International Migration at the Upper Tail of the Education Distribution

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  • Docquier Frédéric

    () (IRES, Université Catholique de Louvain (Office D.232) 3, Place Montesquieu, B-1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium, and IZA and CReAM)

  • Rapoport Hillel

    () (Dept. of Economics, Bar Ilan University, 52900 Ramat Gan, Israel, and EQUIPPE, Université de Lille II, CReAM and CEPREMAP)

Abstract

Most of the recent literature on the effects of the brain drain on source countries consists of theoretical papers and cross-country empirical studies. In this paper we complement the literature through three case studies on very different regional and professional contexts: the African medical brain drain, the exodus of European researchers to the United States, and the contribution of the Indian diaspora to the rise of the IT sector in India. While the three case studies concern the very upper tail of the skill and education distribution, their effects of source countries are contrasted: clearly negative in the case of the exodus of European researchers, clearly positive in the case of the Indian diaspora’s contribution to putting India on the IT global map, and mixed in the case of the medical brain drain out of Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • Docquier Frédéric & Rapoport Hillel, 2009. "Documenting the Brain Drain of “La Crème de la Crème”: Three Case-Studies on International Migration at the Upper Tail of the Education Distribution," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 229(6), pages 679-705, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:229:y:2009:i:6:p:679-705
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Huber, 2014. "University Scientists' Pay in the EU and Other Regions. Findings from Standardised Researcher Profiles," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, pages 67-79.
    2. Boncea Irina, 2013. "Medical Brain Drain - A Theoretical Approach," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, pages 64-71.
    3. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2012. "Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, pages 681-730.
    4. Alberto Alesina & Johann Harnoss & Hillel Rapoport, 2016. "Birthplace diversity and economic prosperity," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 101-138, June.
    5. Driouchi, Ahmed & Kadiri, Molk, 2010. "Emigration of Skilled Labor under Risk Aversion: The Case of Medical Doctors from Middle Eastern and North African Economies," MPRA Paper 22810, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 May 2010.
    6. N. N., 2014. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, issue 1/2014," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO.
    7. Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2014. "Scientific mobility and knowledge networks in high emigration countries: Evidence from the Pacific," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 1486-1495.
    8. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2012. "Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, pages 681-730.
    9. Ernest Miguelez & Carsten Fink, 2013. "Measuring the International Mobility of Inventors: A New Database," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 08, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, revised May 2013.
    10. Ernest Miguélez & Rosina Moreno, 2014. "What Attracts Knowledge Workers? The Role Of Space And Social Networks," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 33-60, January.
    11. Fan Li & Prashant Loyalka & Hongmei Yi & Yaojiang Shi & Natalie Johnson & Scott Rozelle, 2016. "Ability Tracking and Social Capital in China’s Rural Secondary School System," LICOS Discussion Papers 37916, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    12. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14987 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Janger, Jürgen & Nowotny, Klaus, 2016. "Job choice in academia," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 1672-1683.
    14. Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2014. "Scientific mobility and knowledge networks in high emigration countries: Evidence from the Pacific," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 1486-1495.
    15. Jürgen Janger & Klaus Nowotny, 2014. "Factors Determining Scientists' Job Choice," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, pages 81-89.
    16. Jürgen Janger & Klaus Nowotny, 2013. "Career choices in academia," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 36, WWWforEurope.
    17. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss & David Campbell, 2013. "Academic careers: a cross-country perspective," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 37, WWWforEurope.
    18. Anna Mayda, 2010. "International migration: a panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, pages 1249-1274.
    19. Dustmann, Christian & Fadlon, Itzhak & Weiss, Yoram, 2011. "Return migration, human capital accumulation and the brain drain," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 58-67.
    20. repec:spr:scient:v:93:y:2012:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-012-0751-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. repec:wip:wpaper:8 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Ruxanda Berlinschi & Ani Harutyunyan, 2016. " Do migrants think differently? Evidence from East European and post-Soviet states," Working Papers LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance 551444, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brain drain; international migration; African medical brain drain; European brain drain; Indian diaspora;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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