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Emigration of Skilled Labor under Risk Aversion: The Case of Medical Doctors from Middle Eastern and North African Economies


  • Driouchi, Ahmed
  • Kadiri, Molk


This is a contribution to the new economics of skilled labor emigration that focuses on the mobility of medical doctors from sending Middle East and North African countries. Economic models under risk neutrality and aversion are used. The findings show that the relative expected benefits and the emigration rate have major effects on the net relative human medical capital that remains in the source country. The effects of relative wages in the destination and sending countries besides the yield of education are likely to change the emigration patterns. Comparisons of theoretical and observed relative human capital per country averages are conducted and ensured the statistical validity of the model. The empirical results based on the available data by Docquier and Marfouk (2006 and 2008) and Bhargava, Docquier and Moullan (2010) allowed further use of the model to understand the current trends in the emigration of medical doctors. These trends confirm the magnitude of relative wages besides the level of education and the attitude toward risk as determinants of the emigration of skilled labor. The countries included in the study are all exhibiting brain gain under 1991-2004 emigration data but two distinct groups of countries are identified. Each country is encouraged to anticipate the likely effects of this emigration on the economy with the increase of health demand, the domestic wages and the increase in education capacity for medical doctors.

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  • Driouchi, Ahmed & Kadiri, Molk, 2010. "Emigration of Skilled Labor under Risk Aversion: The Case of Medical Doctors from Middle Eastern and North African Economies," MPRA Paper 22810, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 May 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22810

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Zouag, Nada & Driouchi, Ahmed & Achehboune, Amale, 2015. "Labor Health Shortage and Future Prospects for the Medical Workforce in Morocco," MPRA Paper 63547, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Apr 2015.
    2. Brîndusa TILEA & Valentina VASILE & Ioan TILEA, 2013. "Labour Force Mobility And Employment Crisis In Health Care Sector In Romania," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 36(1(45)), pages 30-54, June.
    3. Driouchi, Ahmed, 2014. "Evidence and Prospects of Shortage and Mobility of Medical Doctors: A Literature Survey," MPRA Paper 59322, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Driouchi, Ahmed, 2015. "New Health Technologies and Health Workforce in Developing Economies," MPRA Paper 67775, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:ine:journl:v:2:y:2013:i:44:p:21-45 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Medical skilled emigration; wages; human capital; risks.;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • A20 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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