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Skilled Migration and the Transfer of Institutional Norms

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  • Michel Beine
  • Khalid Sekkat

    () (University of Brussels)

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of international emigration on the evolution of the quality of institutions in the origin countries. We allow for two broad channels of impact on origin country institutions. One relates to the direct and indirect impact of emigration through usual mechanisms like the exit/voice mechanisms. The second relates to the transfer of norms from the Diaspora to the natives of the origin country. We test those impacts on four different indicators of institutional quality using new cross-country data over the 1990-2000 period. Our results provide support for an impact of the brain drain on institutions and a strong support for the transfer of norms from the diaspora. We document the robustness of those main conclusions through the use of alternative econometric methods and through the use of alternative samples involving developed or developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Beine & Khalid Sekkat, 2012. "Skilled Migration and the Transfer of Institutional Norms," Working Papers 681, Economic Research Forum, revised 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:681
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    Cited by:

    1. Ruxanda Berlinschi & Ani Harutyunyan, 2016. "Do migrants think differently? Evidence from East European and post-Soviet states," LICOS Discussion Papers 38116, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    2. Daniel Meierrieks & Laura Renner, 2017. "Stymied ambition: does a lack of economic freedom lead to migration?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(3), pages 977-1005, July.
    3. Michael A. Clemens, 2016. "Losing our minds? New research directions on skilled emigration and development," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(7), pages 1227-1248, October.
    4. Tobias Ketterer & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2015. "Local quality of government and voting with one’s feet," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 55(2), pages 501-532, December.
    5. Jamal Bouoiyour & Amal Miftah, 2017. "Do Migrants Transfer Political and Cultural Norms to Their Origin Country? Some Evidence From Some Arab Countries," Working Papers 1098, Economic Research Forum, revised 05 2017.
    6. repec:kap:pubcho:v:171:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11127-017-0442-z is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Bertoli, Simone & Marchetta, Francesca, 2015. "Bringing It All Back Home – Return Migration and Fertility Choices," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 27-40.
    8. Tuccio, Michele & Wahba, Jackline & Hamdouch, Bachir, 2016. "International Migration: Driver of Political and Social Change?," IZA Discussion Papers 9794, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. World Bank Group, 2017. "Migration and Remittances," World Bank Other Operational Studies 28444, The World Bank.
    10. Arusha Cooray & Friedrich Schneider, 2016. "Does corruption promote emigration? An empirical examination," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 29(1), pages 293-310, January.
    11. Olena Ivus & Alireza Naghavi, 2014. "Migration, technology diffusion and institutional development at the origin," Chapters,in: International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development, chapter 10, pages 267-287 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Minh Tran, Ngoc Thi & Cameron, Michael P. & Poot, Jacques, 2017. "International Migration and Institutional Quality in the Home Country: It Matters Where You Go and How Long You Stay!," IZA Discussion Papers 10945, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Chauvet, Lisa & Mercier, Marion, 2014. "Do return migrants transfer political norms to their origin country? Evidence from Mali," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 630-651.
    14. Christian Ebeke & Thierry Yogo Urbain, 2013. "Working Paper 185 - Remittances and the Voter Turnout in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Macro and Micro Level Data," Working Paper Series 989, African Development Bank.
    15. Ngoc Thi Minh Tran & Michael P. Cameron & Jacques Poot, 2017. "Local Institutional Quality and Return Migration: Evidence from Vietnam," Working Papers in Economics 17/10, University of Waikato.
    16. Idrissa Diabata & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2014. "Female Genital Mutilation and Migration in Mali: Do Migrants Transfer Social Norms?," Working Papers 15-01e, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Migration and Development..
    17. Ketterer, Tobias & Rodriguez-Pose, Andres, 2014. "Local quality of government and migration. Evidence for European regions," CEPR Discussion Papers 9986, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    18. Ilka Vari-Lavoisier, 2014. "The Circulation of Monies and Ideas between Paris, Dakar, and New York: The Impact of Remittances on Corruption," Working Papers 15-01g, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Migration and Development..
    19. Idrissa Diabate & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2014. "Female genital mutilation and migration in Mali. Do migrants transfer social norms?," Working Papers DT/2014/16, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    20. Jackline Wahba & Ishac Diwan & Michele Tuccio, 2017. "Diaspora Networks as a Bridge between Civilizations," Working Papers 1094, Economic Research Forum, revised 05 Nov 2017.
    21. Ivlevs, Artjoms & King, Roswitha M., 2014. "Emigration, Remittances and Corruption Experience of Those Staying Behind," IZA Discussion Papers 8521, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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