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Measuring the International Mobility of Inventors: A New Database

Author

Listed:
  • Ernest Miguelez

    (World Intellectual Property Organization, Economics and Statistics Division, Geneva, Switzerland)

  • Carsten Fink

    (World Intellectual Property Organization, Economics and Statistics Division, Geneva, Switzerland)

Abstract

This paper has two objectives. First, it describes a new database mapping migratory patterns of inventors, extracted from information included in patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. We explain in detail the information contained in the database and discuss the usefulness and reliability of the underlying data. Second, the paper provides a descriptive overview of inventor migration patterns, based on the information contained in the newly constructed database. Among the largest receiving countries, we find that the United States exhibits by far the highest inventor immigration rate, followed by Australia and Canada. European countries lag behind in attracting inventive talent; in addition, France, Germany, and the UK see more inventors emigrating than immigrating. In relation to the number of home country inventors, Central American, Caribbean and African economies show the largest inventor brain drain.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernest Miguelez & Carsten Fink, 2013. "Measuring the International Mobility of Inventors: A New Database," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 08, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, revised May 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:wip:wpaper:08
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Wipo, 2015. "World Intellectual Property Report 2015 - Breakthrough Innovation and Economic Growth," WIPO Economics & Statistics Series, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, number 2015:944, October.
    2. Ufuk Akcigit & Salomé Baslandze & Stefanie Stantcheva, 2016. "Taxation and the International Mobility of Inventors," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(10), pages 2930-2981, October.
    3. Olena Ivus & Alireza Naghavi, 2014. "Migration, technology diffusion and institutional development at the origin," Chapters,in: International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development, chapter 10, pages 267-287 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Cuntz, Alexander & Czernich, Nina & Dauchert, Helge & Meurer, Petra & Philipps, Annika, 2015. "Gesellschaftliche Dimensionen von Innovation: Zentrale Fragen und Datenlage," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 18-2015, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.
    5. Wipo, 2013. "World Intellectual Property Indicators, 2013 edition," WIPO Economics & Statistics Series, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, number 2013:941, October.
    6. Stefano BRESCHI & Francesco LISSONI & Ernest MIGUELEZ, 2015. "Foreign inventors in the US:\r\n Testing for Diaspora and Brain Gain Effects," Cahiers du GREThA 2015-25, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    7. William R. Kerr, 2013. "U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 19377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Kyle Bergquist & Julio Raffo & Carsten Fink, 2017. "Identifying and ranking the world's largest clusters of inventive activity," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 34, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
    9. Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni & Ernest Miguelez, 2015. "Foreign inventors in the US: Testing for Diaspora and Brain Gain Effects," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1509, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    10. Ernest MIGUELEZ, 2014. "Inventor diasporas and the internationalization of technology," Cahiers du GREThA 2014-12, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    brain drain; skilled international migration; inventors; PCT patents;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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