IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/b/wfo/wstudy/61111.html
   My bibliography  Save this book

Innovation Efficieny. A Cross-country Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Jürgen Janger

    (WIFO)

  • Agnes Kügler

    (WIFO)

Abstract

Innovation activities are crucial both for safeguarding or increasing competitiveness and for tackling grand challenges such as climate change. Research and development expenditures are important drivers, in turn, of innovation performance. In the past 20 years, Austria has successfully increased its R&D expenditures relative to GDP to the second position within the EU and the fifth position worldwide. At the same time, Austria has not managed to reach the top in innovation rankings and to become a leading innovation country. This report hence investigates whether Austria's innovation performance is merely measured badly, or whether Austria indeed features a lower efficiency of its innovation activities. Methodologically, data envelopment analysis is used to pinpoint Austria's efficiency scores relative to a sample of EU and OECD countries. The results show that in three areas of Austria's innovation system – science, technology and innovation – Austria has indeed potential to increase its efficiency relative to the best practice countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Janger & Agnes Kügler, 2018. "Innovation Efficieny. A Cross-country Analysis," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61111.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:61111
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.wifo.ac.at/wwa/pubid/61111
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:wfo:wstudy:36401 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Michele Cincera & Dirk Czarnitzki & Susanne Thorwarth, 2011. "Efficiency of public spending in support of R&D activities," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 131-139.
    3. Benjamin F. Jones, 2009. "The Burden of Knowledge and the "Death of the Renaissance Man": Is Innovation Getting Harder?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(1), pages 283-317.
    4. Bloom, Nicholas & Jones, Charles I & Reenen, John Van & Webb, Michael, 2017. "Are ideas getting harder to find?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86588, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Jeremy C. Stein, 2008. "Academic freedom, private-sector focus, and the process of innovation," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 39(3), pages 617-635.
    6. Crepon, B. & Duguet, E. & Mairesse, J., 1998. "Research Investment, Innovation and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 98.15, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    7. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Productivity and R&D at the Firm Level," NBER Chapters,in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 100-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Hölzl, Werner & Janger, Jürgen, 2014. "Distance to the frontier and the perception of innovation barriers across European countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 707-725.
    9. Peneder, Michael, 2010. "Technological regimes and the variety of innovation behaviour: Creating integrated taxonomies of firms and sectors," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 323-334, April.
    10. Guan, Jiancheng & Chen, Kaihua, 2012. "Modeling the relative efficiency of national innovation systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 102-115.
    11. repec:feu:wfedel:y:2016:m:2:d:0:i:11 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Karl Aiginger, 2016. "New Dynamics for Europe: Reaping the Benefits of Socio-ecological Transition. Synthesis Report Part I. Short Summary," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 14, WWWforEurope.
    13. Bruno Crepon & Emmanuel Duguet & Jacques Mairesse, 1998. "Research, Innovation And Productivity: An Econometric Analysis At The Firm Level," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 115-158.
    14. Maxim Kotsemir, 2013. "Measuring National Innovation Systems Efficiency - A Review of DEA Approach," Post-Print hal-00865875, HAL.
    15. Edquist , Charles & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia , Jon Mikel, 2015. "The Innovation Union Scoreboard is Flawed: The case of Sweden – not being the innovation leader of the EU," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/16, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    16. Karl Aiginger, 2016. "New Dynamics for Europe: Reaping the Benefits of Socio-ecological Transition. Synthesis Report Part I," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 11, WWWforEurope.
    17. McLaughlin, John A. & Jordan, Gretchen B., 1999. "Logic models: a tool for telling your programs performance story," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 65-72.
    18. Godin, Benoit, 2007. "Science, accounting and statistics: The input-output framework," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 1388-1403, November.
    19. Willi Leibfritz & Jürgen Janger, 2007. "Boosting Austria's Innovation Performance," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 580, OECD Publishing.
    20. Philippe Aghion & Peter Howitt, 2006. "Joseph Schumpeter Lecture Appropriate Growth Policy: A Unifying Framework," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(2-3), pages 269-314, 04-05.
    21. repec:spr:scient:v:76:y:2008:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-007-1896-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Ariel Pakes & Zvi Griliches, 1984. "Patents and R&D at the Firm Level: A First Look," NBER Chapters,in: R&D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 55-72 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    23. repec:wfo:wstudy:36402 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Andreas Reinstaller & Fabian Unterlass, 2012. "Comparing business R&D across countries over time: a decomposition exercise using data for the EU 27," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(12), pages 1143-1148, August.
    25. Dan Andrews & Chiara Criscuolo & Peter N. Gal, 2016. "The Best versus the Rest: The Global Productivity Slowdown, Divergence across Firms and the Role of Public Policy," OECD Productivity Working Papers 5, OECD Publishing.
    26. repec:wfo:wstudy:46923 is not listed on IDEAS
    27. Philippe Aghion & Reinhilde Veugelers & David Hemous, 2009. "No Green Growth Without Innovation," Policy Briefs 353, Bruegel.
    28. Edquist , Charles & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia , Jon Mikel, 2015. "The Innovation Union Scoreboard is flawed: The Case of Sweden – not the innovation leader of the EU – updated version," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/27, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    29. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss & David Campbell, 2013. "Academic careers: a cross-country perspective," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 37, WWWforEurope.
    30. Janger, Jürgen & Nowotny, Klaus, 2016. "Job choice in academia," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1672-1683.
    31. repec:spr:scient:v:100:y:2014:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1288-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    32. repec:wfo:wstudy:46823 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation Efficiency;

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:61111. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilse Schulz). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/wifooat.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.