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Innovationseffizienz. Österreich im internationalen Vergleich

Author

Listed:
  • Jürgen Janger
  • Agnes Kügler

Abstract

Innovationsaktivitäten sind ein zentrales Element von Strategien zur Steigerung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und zur Bewältigung von Herausforderungen wie dem Klimawandel. Die Forschungs- und Entwicklungsausgaben sind wichtige Determinanten der Innovationsleistung. Österreichs F&E-Ausgaben wurden in den letzten 20 Jahren erfolgreich gesteigert, gemessen an der F&E-Quote nimmt es in der EU den 2., weltweit den 5. Rang ein. Gleichzeitig gelang es bisher nicht, in Innovationsrankings an die Spitze vorzustoßen. Die Studie geht deshalb der Frage nach, ob Österreichs Innovationsleistung nur unzureichend durch internationale Indikatoren erfasst wird, oder ob tatsächlich die Effizenz der Innovationsaktivitäten geringer ist. Methodisch wird neben der Vorstellung elementarer Input- und Outputindikatoren eine Dateneinhüllanalyse (DEA) eingesetzt, um Österreichs Effizienz mit anderen EU- und OECD-Ländern zu vergleichen. Wie die Ergebnisse zeigen, besteht für Österreich in drei Leistungsbereichen des Innovationssystems (Wissenschaft, Technologie und Innovationen) Aufholpotential zu den in den jeweiligen Bereichen effizientesten Ländern.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Janger & Agnes Kügler, 2018. "Innovationseffizienz. Österreich im internationalen Vergleich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 61111, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:61111
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    1. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss-Kollin, 2021. "Wissensproduktion und Wissensverwertung in Österreich im internationalen Vergleich," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 94(10), pages 751-765, October.
    2. Zuzana Stuchlíková & Jarolím Antal & Radek Čajka, 2019. "Inovační potenciál a specifika Rakouska a Izraele: Implikace pro Česko," Současná Evropa, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2019(2), pages 19-39.
    3. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss-Kollin, 2020. "Die Leistungsfähigkeit des österreichischen Innovationssystems," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 66555, June.
    4. Zuzana Stuchlíková & Jarolím Antal & Radek Čajka, 2019. "Inovační potenciál a specifika Rakouska a Izraele: Implikace pro Česko," Současná Evropa, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2019(2), pages 19-39.
    5. N. N., 2020. "WIFO-Monatsberichte, Heft 10/2020," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 93(10), October.

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