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Austria 2025 – Looking Out For the Frontier(s): Towards a New Framework For Frontier Measurement in Science, Technology and Innovation

Author

Listed:
  • Jürgen Janger
  • Agnes Kügler
  • Andreas Reinstaller
  • Fabian Unterlass

    (WIFO)

Abstract

Several strands of the innovation and growth literature use the notion technological or innovation frontier for performance assessment of countries and for policy recommendations as a function of the distance to these frontiers. We show that these concepts and measures are not easily interchangeable due to the lack of a common definition and a consensus on how to measure different kinds of frontier. We propose a consistent framework for the measurement of the scientific, technological, innovation and economic frontier, which also takes account of the impact of global value chains on innovation indicators. This can be used as a basis for empirical validation of the different claims of the literature using the frontier concept as well as for guiding performance comparison of countries and hence policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Janger & Agnes Kügler & Andreas Reinstaller & Fabian Unterlass, 2017. "Austria 2025 – Looking Out For the Frontier(s): Towards a New Framework For Frontier Measurement in Science, Technology and Innovation," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 59289.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:59289
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    File URL: https://www.wifo.ac.at/wwa/pubid/59289
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:wfo:wstudy:59182 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Elisabeth Christen & Sandra Bilek-Steindl & Christian Glocker & Harald Oberhofer, 2017. "Österreich 2025 – Österreichs Wettbewerbsposition und Exportpotentiale auf ausgewählten Zukunftsmärkten," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 90(1), pages 83-95, January.
    3. repec:wfo:wstudy:59290 is not listed on IDEAS

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