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Österreich 2025 – Die "Frontier" in Wissenschaft, Technologie, Innovationen und Wirtschaft. Messung und Bestimmungsfaktoren


  • Jürgen Janger
  • Agnes Kügler
  • Andreas Reinstaller
  • Fabian Unterlass



Die Leistung eines Innovationssystems kann anhand der Fähigkeit, zur Frontier oder der höchsten Leistungsgrenze in verschiedenen Bereichen beizutragen, gemessen werden. Die Differenzierung in die vier Frontier-Bereiche Wissenschaft, Technologie, Innovationen und Wirtschaft ermöglicht einen Fokus der Analyse auf die Überleitung von der Wissens- und Technologieproduktion in Beschäftigung und Wertschöpfung. Die beiden Dimensionen der Innovations-Frontier – Strukturwandel in Richtung wissensintensiver Sektoren und Verbesserung der Marktpositionen in bestehenden Spezialisierungen (Upgrading) – können als strategischer Rahmen für die FTI-Politik genutzt werden. Dieser lässt sich effektiver operationalisieren als eine Orientierung an radikalen Innovationen. Eine Anwendung des Konzepts auf Österreich zeigt derzeit gegenüber führenden Innovationsländern einen Rückstand in allen Frontier-Bereichen, besonders in der Wissenschaft und hinsichtlich des Strukturwandels.

Suggested Citation

  • Jürgen Janger & Agnes Kügler & Andreas Reinstaller & Fabian Unterlass, 2017. "Österreich 2025 – Die "Frontier" in Wissenschaft, Technologie, Innovationen und Wirtschaft. Messung und Bestimmungsfaktoren," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 90(2), pages 141-151, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2017:i:2:p:141-151
    Note: With English abstract.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hölzl, Werner & Janger, Jürgen, 2014. "Distance to the frontier and the perception of innovation barriers across European countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 707-725.
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    8. Bronzini, Raffaello & Piselli, Paolo, 2016. "The impact of R&D subsidies on firm innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 442-457.
    9. Michael Peneder, 1999. "The Austrian Paradox: "Old" Structures but High Performance?," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 4(4), pages 239-247, October.
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    12. Klaus S. Friesenbichler & Thomas Url, 2013. "Standortfaktoren und Investitionspotential von Risikokapital in Österreich," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 86(8), pages 673-683, August.
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    15. repec:wfo:wstudy:59353 is not listed on IDEAS
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