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Related Variety and Regional Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of European Urban Regions

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  • Frank Van Oort

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  • Stefan de Geus
  • Teodora Dogaru

Abstract

This paper introduces indicators of regional related variety and unrelated variety to conceptually overcome the current impasse in the specialisation-diversity debate in agglomeration economics. Although various country-level studies have been published on this conceptualisation in recent years, a pan-European test has until now been missing from the literature. A pan-European test is more interesting than country-level tests, as newly defined cohesion policies, smart-specialisation policies, place-based development strategies and competitiveness policies may be especially served by related and unrelated variety conceptualisations. We test empirically for the significance of variables based on these concepts, using a cross-sectional dataset for 205 European regions during the period 2000- 2010. The results confirming our hypotheses are that related variety is significantly related to employment growth and that specialisation is significantly related to productivity growth. We do not find robust relationships that are hypothesised between unrelated variety and unemployment growth. Our analyses show that evolutionary economic geography and institutional and policy-based regional development may be integrated fruitfully at the European level.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Van Oort & Stefan de Geus & Teodora Dogaru, 2013. "Related Variety and Regional Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of European Urban Regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1312, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Aug 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1312
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:tefoso:v:123:y:2017:i:c:p:95-107 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Matthias Firgo & Peter Mayerhofer, 2015. "Wissens-Spillovers und regionale Entwicklung - welche strukturpolitische Ausrichtung optimiert des Wachstum?," Working Paper Reihe der AK Wien - Materialien zu Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 144, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik.
    3. repec:wfo:wstudy:59427 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:bla:tvecsg:v:108:y:2017:i:5:p:554-570 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:wfo:wstudy:58342 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Rune Dahl Fitjar & Bram Timmermans, 2017. "Knowledge bases and relatedness: A study of labour mobility in Norwegian regions," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1712, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jun 2017.
    7. Ji?í Blažek & David Marek & Viktor Kv?to?, 2016. "The Variety of Related Variety Studies: Opening the Black Box of Technological Relatedness via Analysis of Inter-firm R&D Cooperative Projects," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1611, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised May 2016.
    8. Krammer, Sorin M.S., 2015. "Science, technology and innovation for economic competitiveness: the role of smart specialization in less-developed countries," MPRA Paper 80203, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. repec:spr:anresc:v:58:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0807-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:taf:eurpls:v:24:y:2016:i:12:p:2097-2112 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Timmermans, Bram & Fitjar, Rune Dahl, 2015. "Skill Relatedness in Norway by Bram Timmermans and Rune Dahl Fitjar," UiS Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2015/20, University of Stavanger.
    12. Uwe Cantner & Holger Graf & Susanne Hinzmann, 2015. "The role of geographical proximity for project performance - Evidence from the German "Leading-Edge Cluster Competition"," Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-025, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    13. Jeroen Content & Koen Frenken, 2016. "Related variety and economic development: a literature review," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(12), pages 2097-2112, December.
    14. Florin Teodor Boldeanu & Ileana Tache, 2016. "A Regional Approach To The Metropolitan Economic Growth: Evidence From The European Union," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 1(1), pages 29-72, August.

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