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Regional heterogeneity and interregional research spillovers in European innovation: modeling and policy implications

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  • Gianni Guastella
  • Frank van Oort

Abstract

In agglomeration studies, the effects of various regional externalities related to knowledge spillovers remain largely unclear. To explain innovation clustering, scholars emphasize the contribution of Localized Knowledge Spillovers (LKS) and, specifically when estimating the Knowledge Production Function (KPF), of (interregional) research spillovers. However, less attention is paid to other causes of spatial heterogeneity. In applied works, spatial association in data is econometrically related to evidence of research spillovers. This paper argues that, in a KPF setting, omitting spatial heterogeneity might lead to biased estimates of the effect of research spillovers. As an empirical test, a spatial KPF is estimated using EU25 regional data, including a spatial trend to control for unexplained spatial variation in innovation. Accounting for geographical characteristics substantially weakens evidence of interregional research spillovers.

Suggested Citation

  • Gianni Guastella & Frank van Oort, 2015. "Regional heterogeneity and interregional research spillovers in European innovation: modeling and policy implications," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1506, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Mar 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:1506
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    1. repec:taf:regstd:v:52:y:2018:i:5:p:603-607 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Agustí Segarra-Blasco & Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod & Mercedes Teruel, 2018. "Innovation and geographical spillovers: new approaches and empirical evidence," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(5), pages 603-607, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Generalized Additive Models; Knowledge Spillovers; Regional Innovation; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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