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Patents, Technological Inputs And Spillovers Among Regions

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  • Mercedes Gumbau Albert

    () (Universitat de València)

  • Joaquín Maudos Villarroya

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

Abstract

This paper analyses the importance of different technological inputs (R&D and human capital) and different spillovers in explaining the differences in patenting among Spanish regions in the period 1986-2003. The analysis is based on the estimation of a knowledge production function. A region¿s own R&D activities and human capital are observed to have a positive significant effect on innovation output, measured by the number of patents. R&D spillovers weighted by the distance and the volume of trade flows between regions cause positive effects on a region¿s patents. However, distance matters more than the intensity of trade flows and the R&D spillover effects between regions are bounded: spillovers from closer regions perform better than spillovers from distant regions. On the opposite side, human capital spillovers do not cause any effect outside the region itself. El trabajo analiza la importancia de diferentes inputs tecnológicos (I+D y capital humano) y sus correspondientes efectos spillover en la explicación de las diferencias en la propensión a patentar de la regiones españolas en el periodo 1986-2003. El análisis se basa en la estimación de una función de producción de conocimiento. Los resultados indican que el gasto en I+D y el capital humano de cada región afectan positivamente a la actividad innovadora (nmero de patentes). Los efectos spillover asociados al gasto en I+D (ponderados por la distancia kilométrica y los flujos comerciales) afectan positivamente al número de patentes. Sin embargo, la distancia importa más que la intensidad de los flujos comerciales. Los spillovers tecnológicos están acotados ya que son más importantes los asociados a las regiones más próximas. Por el contrario, los efectos spillover procedentes del capital humano no tienen efectos fuera de la propia region considerada.

Suggested Citation

  • Mercedes Gumbau Albert & Joaquín Maudos Villarroya, 2006. "Patents, Technological Inputs And Spillovers Among Regions," Working Papers. Serie EC 2006-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2006-11
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    Cited by:

    1. Pradhan, Jaya Prakash, 2011. "Regional heterogeneity and firms’ innovation: the role of regional factors in industrial R&D in India," MPRA Paper 28096, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Gianni Guastella & Frank G. van Oort, 2015. "Regional Heterogeneity and Interregional Research Spillovers in European Innovation: Modelling and Policy Implications," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(11), pages 1772-1787, November.
    3. Leten, Bart & Landoni, Paolo & Van Looy, Bart, 2014. "Science or graduates: How do firms benefit from the proximity of universities?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(8), pages 1398-1412.
    4. Pedro de Faria & Francisco Lima, 2012. "Interdependence and spillovers: is firm performance affected by others’ innovation activities?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(36), pages 4765-4775, December.
    5. repec:kap:netspa:v:17:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11067-016-9325-y is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kamilia Loukil, 2016. "Innovation Policy and R&D Efficiency in Emerging Countries: a Stochastic Frontier Analysis," Eastern European Business and Economics Journal, Eastern European Business and Economics Studies Centre, vol. 2(3), pages 165-192.
    7. Sebastian Benz & Mario Larch & Markus Zimmer, 2015. "Trade in ideas: outsourcing and knowledge spillovers," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(2), pages 221-237, June.
    8. Tommaso Agasisti & Cristian Barra & Roberto Zotti, 2017. "Research, knowledge transfer and innovation: the effect of Italian universities’ efficiency on the local economic development 2006-2012," Working papers 60, Società Italiana di Economia Pubblica.
    9. Kamilia Loukil, 2016. "Foreign Direct Investment And Technological Innovation In Developing Countries," Oradea Journal of Business and Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 31-40, September.
    10. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:4:p:750-767 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    patentes; I+D; capital humano; spillovers patents; R&D; human capital; spillovers;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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