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Food consumption and diet quality choices of Roma in Romania: a counterfactual analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Pavel Ciaian

    () (European Commission, Joint Research Centre)

  • Andrej Cupák

    (LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg
    National Bank of Slovakia)

  • Ján Pokrivčák

    (Slovak University of Agriculture
    University of West Bohemia)

  • Marian Rizov

    (University of Lincoln)

Abstract

This paper analyses the diet quality aspect of food security of Roma in Romania. We employed a modified Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique using Household Budget Survey data for the period 2004–2011. The estimates suggest that Roma have inferior diet diversity compared to the non-Roma. Around one-third of the diet diversity gap is explained by the differences in observed socio-economic factors, whereas the remaining part of the gap is attributed to unobserved factors. We argue that the unexplained component of the diet diversity gap is caused by the discrimination of the Roma on the labour market and by their specific informal institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Pavel Ciaian & Andrej Cupák & Ján Pokrivčák & Marian Rizov, 2018. "Food consumption and diet quality choices of Roma in Romania: a counterfactual analysis," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 10(2), pages 437-456, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:10:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s12571-018-0781-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s12571-018-0781-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Korir, Lilian & Rizov, Marian & Ruto, Eric, 2020. "Food security in Kenya: Insights from a household food demand model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 99-108.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diet diversity; Diet diversity gap; Informal institutions; Discrimination; Roma;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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