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Food safety in low and middle-income countries: The evidence through an economic lens

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  • Hoffmann, Vivian
  • Moser, Christine
  • Saak, Alexander

Abstract

Foodborne diseases exact a large health toll in low and middle-income countries. We review the empirical research on the safety of food produced and consumed in these settings. We follow the value chain, from consumer demand to agricultural production, to describe existing knowledge and identify gaps for future research. We identify factors that contribute to food safety problems in low and middle-income countries. These factors include: limited consumer awareness and ability to pay for food safety; the lack of incentives to invest in food safety along the food supply chain, from farmers to aggregators, processors, food service providers, and retailers; and weakness of the public institutions responsible for regulatory enforcement. Programs that engage midsize and larger firms in co-regulation and reward farmers and firms for investment in food safety suggest potential ways forward.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoffmann, Vivian & Moser, Christine & Saak, Alexander, 2019. "Food safety in low and middle-income countries: The evidence through an economic lens," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 1-1.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:123:y:2019:i:c:7
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104611
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    2. Sandra Hoffmann & Lydia Ashton & Jae‐Wan Ahn, 2021. "Food safety: A policy history and introduction to avenues for economic research," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 43(2), pages 680-700, June.
    3. Vivian Hoffmann & Christine M. Moser & Timothy J. Herrman, 2021. "Demand for Aflatoxin‐Safe Maize in Kenya: Dynamic Response to Price and Advertising," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 103(1), pages 275-295, January.
    4. Sueny Andrade Batista & Elke Stedefeldt & Eduardo Yoshio Nakano & Mariana de Oliveira Cortes & Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho & Renata Puppin Zandonadi & António Raposo & Heesup Han & Verônica Cortez Gi, 2021. "Design and Development of an Instrument on Knowledge of Food Safety, Practices, and Risk Perception Addressed to Children and Adolescents from Low-Income Families," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-20, February.

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