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Is certification a viable option for small producer fish farmers in the global south? Insights from Vietnam

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  • Marschke, Melissa
  • Wilkings, Ann

Abstract

Aquaculture is the fastest growing global food system, providing nearly half of the world׳s seafood supply. A significant portion of aquaculture is produced in the global South and consumed in the North, with much of the production stemming from small producers in Asian countries. The rapid growth in this sector has led to a host of social, environmental and governance concerns, with certification emerging as one market governance response. This paper assesses the potential of certification for small producer shrimp farmers in Vietnam, examining the ways in which three standards operating in Vietnam focus on social, environmental, economic, and management dimensions of sustainability. Research findings suggest that aquaculture standards are not appropriate for small producers since much of the current criteria are not viable at this scale. A separate national standard customized specifically for small producers in Vietnam׳s aquaculture sector may be necessary. A set of guidelines is proposed as a starting point for discussions regarding small producer certification.

Suggested Citation

  • Marschke, Melissa & Wilkings, Ann, 2014. "Is certification a viable option for small producer fish farmers in the global south? Insights from Vietnam," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(PA), pages 197-206.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:50:y:2014:i:pa:p:197-206
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.06.010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Danso, G. K. & Otoo, Miriam & Duy Linh, N. & Madurangi, Ganesha, "undated". "Households’ willingness-to-pay for fish product attributes and implications for market feasibility of wastewater-based aquaculture businesses in Hanoi, Vietnam," Papers published in Journals (Open Access) H048216, International Water Management Institute.
    3. Marola, Elena & Schöpfner, Judith & Gallemore, Caleb & Jespersen, Kristjan, 2020. "The bandwidth problem in telecoupled systems governance: Certifying sustainable winemaking in Australia and Chile," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 171(C).
    4. Phatra Samerwong & Hilde M Toonen & Peter Oosterveer & Simon R Bush, 2020. "A capability approach to assess aquaculture sustainability standard compliance," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(1), pages 1-19, January.
    5. von Braun, Joachim & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2015. "Small Farms: Changing Structures and Roles in Economic Development," Discussion Papers 210464, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    6. Nesar Ahmed & Shirley Thompson & Giovanni M. Turchini, 2020. "Organic aquaculture productivity, environmental sustainability, and food security: insights from organic agriculture," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(6), pages 1253-1267, December.
    7. Thi Huong Tran, 2018. "Critical factors and enablers of food quality and safety compliance risk management in the Vietnamese seafood supply chain," Papers 1805.12109, arXiv.org.
    8. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2015. "A study on market inclusion through enhanced eco-management in Bulgarian farms," MPRA Paper 65309, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Hoffmann, Vivian & Moser, Christine & Saak, Alexander, 2019. "Food safety in low and middle-income countries: The evidence through an economic lens," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 1-1.
    10. Sangchoul Yi, 2019. "Determinants of Consumers’ Purchasing Behavior for Certified Aquaculture Products in South Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-18, July.
    11. Abdul Bashir & Zulkarnain Ishak & Imam Asngari & Mukhlis Mukhlis & Dirta Pratama Atiyatna & Ichsan Hamidi, 2019. "The Performance and Strategy of Indonesian's Fisheries: A Descriptive Review," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 9(1), pages 31-36.
    12. Sun, Yixian & van der Ven, Hamish, 2020. "Swimming in their own direction: Explaining domestic variation in homegrown sustainability governance for aquaculture in Asia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 167(C).

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