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What determines entry? Evidence from Sweden

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  • Niklas Elert

Abstract

In this paper, I examined what conditions affected the entry of Swedish limited liability firms 2000–2008, while making a distinction between regular entrants and those that survive for at least 2 years. I used a dataset that makes it possible to trace entry geographically as well as in what industry it occurs down to the 5-digit NACE level. Results suggest that the conditions influencing regular entry were similar to those influencing surviving entry. Political variables, e.g., municipal tax rate and the ideology of local rule, were of limited importance. Meanwhile, municipalities with industries with high minimum efficient scale of production or high market concentration rates were considerably less likely to see new firm formation. Substantially, more entry occurred in municipalities with high-income and a well-educated population. The importance of the level of education appears stronger for surviving entrants than for regular entrants, pointing to the importance of human capital. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

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  • Niklas Elert, 2014. "What determines entry? Evidence from Sweden," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 53(1), pages 55-92, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:53:y:2014:i:1:p:55-92
    DOI: 10.1007/s00168-014-0617-1
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    3. Niclas Lavesson, 2018. "How does distance to urban centres influence necessity and opportunity‐based firm start‐ups?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 97(4), pages 1279-1303, November.
    4. Yinhao Wu & Changhong Miao & Yehua Dennis Wei & Jianming Miao, 2021. "Investment location dynamics and influencing factors of pollution‐intensive industries in China: A study of chemical firms," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 1997-2015, December.
    5. Elert, Niklas & Henrekson, Magnus & Stenkula, Mikael, 2017. "Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship: An Agenda for Europe," Working Paper Series 1150, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 16 Feb 2017.
    6. Qi Guo & Canfei He & Deyu Li, 2016. "Entrepreneurship in China: The role of localisation and urbanisation economies," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 53(12), pages 2584-2606, September.
    7. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria & Coll Martínez, Eva & Turcu, Camelia, 2018. "Where New Creative Industries Locate? Evidence from French Departments," Working Papers 2072/307042, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    8. Yinhao Wu & Shumin Yu & Xiangdong Duan, 2021. "The Impact of Environmental Regulation on the Location of Pollution-Intensive Industries in China under Agglomeration Effect," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(8), pages 1-14, April.

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    Keywords

    D22; L25; L26;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship

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